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Aggressiveness and violence in humans and its relation to the upbringing

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  1. Abstract
  2. Statement of study
  3. Introduction
    1. Defining aggressiveness
    2. Purpose of the study
    3. Importance of the study
    4. Rationale of the study
  4. Literature review
    1. The Nurture theory
    2. Frustration: Aggression hypothesis
    3. Social learning theory
    4. Self-hatred and understanding
    5. Aggression due to mental processes in social interactions: Prejudice and pride
    6. Powerlessness and boredom
    7. Anger generating fantasies
    8. Child rearing practices
    9. The Nature theory
    10. Freudian theories
  5. Methodology of research
    1. Research methods
    2. Case study
  6. Discussion and analysis
    1. Analysis
  7. Conclusion
  8. Bibliography

Aggression is a common behavior in humans. It is not necessary to regard aggressiveness in a person as a bad quality for it has been found to be necessary in animals and is a part of nature. The more aggressive animal in a species is generally more successful, powerful and gains control over food, territory and mates. Aggression is also a means of maintaining social order. Aggressiveness in this case becomes a necessity for Darwin's survival of the fittest.

In the highly developed human, there is a negative form of aggressiveness called as malignant aggression where man causes harm or injury to another for the sole purpose of sadistic pleasure or revenge. These acts are generally premeditated or planned and it is this form of aggressiveness that should be discouraged in children.

This form of aggressiveness is more often than not due to nurture and not nature. It results from negative emotions like frustration, hatred, prejudice, and fear or from depression or mental imbalance.

Children are exposed to violence from a very early age thanks to television, news and cases of domestic violence at home and quarrel in the school. Children have been found to learn from these experiences and behave in an aggressive manner because of this sort of exposure. But it has been found that the aggressiveness is an innate trait and is as much biological and genetic as it is environmental. Children who are aggressive and violent have been found to have parents and relatives who are violent and aggressive.

[...] In a time of emergency, all humans tend to be aggressive to protect oneself but it has been found that the violent criminals and killers or children who get into fights often, grew up in a violent environment and lacked a happy, non violent domestic life. Dean Hamar in ?Living with our Genes? is careful not to say that solely our DNA determines our personalities. Hamar argues that building character (our flexibility and control over nature) can control undesirable qualities of temperament (what we are born with). [...]

[...] Children who steal, aggress, use drugs, and have conduct problems with peers, family or in school, and then conceal the problems by lying, are the most likely to become delinquent.? (Loeber, 1990) Aggressive children often come from aggressive homes, in which not only are their parents and others within the family physical with each other but even the child's own aggressiveness has been harshly punished. Research has documented similar aggression from grandparents to parents to grandchildren. (Patterson, 1976; Byrne & Kelley, 1981) The television is the one major factor that develops aggressive behavior in humans. [...]

[...] The child could be aggressive by nature as the gene of aggressiveness is prevalent in the family or the child can be violent by nurture as he sees violence on a daily basis and believes it to be a part of life. But the fact remains that a child, genes or otherwise, would not be prone to violent behavior unless he was brought up in a violent environment. Statement of Study Aggression can be useful in some cases but when it becomes violent can be destructive. [...]

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