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Integrative counseling approach

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  1. Introduction.
  2. Overall approach.
  3. Philosophy and basic assumptions.
  4. Key concepts.
  5. Therapeutic goals.
  6. Therapeutic relationship.
  7. Techniques and procedures.
  8. Compare and contrast.
  9. Conclusion.

As I have studied many theories of counseling, I have found characteristics within those theories that I agree with and would like to adopt, but there is no one established theory that I will adopt wholeheartedly. The model that would most closely describe my personal counseling style would be Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy (REBT), although I would like to integrate elements of Adlerian, Behavioral, Existential, and Feminist therapies. The therapy elements I have chosen to adopt fit into my personal belief that psychology and religion are complimentary disciplines, as ?God's sovereignty reigns over the contents of both,? as they have ?one Author and describe a single reality? (Entwistle, 2004, p. 229-230). While I intend to integrate my Christian values and beliefs into my counseling style, I also wish to maintain the flexibility of counseling non-religious clients, requiring an accurate understanding of counseling theory in a secular fashion.

[...] Without trust and respect, the client will be resistant to many of the techniques. Techniques and Procedures Techniques will be borrowed mostly from REBT, including cognitive, affective, and behavioral interventions. The most important cognitive intervention is disputing irrational beliefs and teaching the clients to be able to do these themselves. Other interventions might include cognitive homework, where clients are assigned ways to confront their problems behaviors and irrational beliefs in between sessions. They may also be assigned to record their problems, or fill out the REBT Self-Help form, as well as recording their successes and their feelings as they work to change their thoughts and behaviors (Corey, 2005). [...]

[...] Another concept of Christian counseling I will adopt is the need for repentance. While therapy is often thought to have the basic goal of helping a client feel better about every aspect of their life (McMinn, 1996), a Christian counselor should recognize the need for confessing and forsaking sin, which often involves guilt and change. This is very different from the concept of learning to accept and feel good about every action we take. Key Concepts Beliefs and thought patterns as well as emotional and physical responses are learned in childhood and reinforced as similar events occur with similar outcomes. [...]

[...] The process of counseling will begin with an assessment interview, where rapport is established and the client provides the counselor with what he or she would like to accomplish through counseling, and tentative goals can be set. In this assessment, the counselor will determine whether a formal diagnosis might be helpful and/or necessary, and also the amount of direction the client may need in the counseling process. The disclosure statement will be discussed and the counselor will verbally explain the process of therapy, privacy rights, and the potential role of spiritual elements in the counseling process. [...]

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