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Jung in context

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  1. Introduction.
  2. Chapter 1.
    1. The historical context of Jungian analytical psychology.
    2. Romanticism and positivism.
    3. Influence of the French dissociationist psychiatrist, Pierre Janet.
    4. The influence of Gnosticism and Alchemy on Jungian.
  3. Chapter 2.
    1. The science of the irrational.
    2. Irrationalism in psychotics.
  4. Conclusion.

In part 1 of this essay we will outline the historical context of Jung's psychology. It will be evident from the start that Jung's thought was both rational and irrational and that he used the former quality to study the latter. In part 2 I argue that the Jungian community should come together in order to focus their mind on the irrational. They should make it their specific area of psychology, and they should articulate a science of the irrational. This is important because (as Jungians know) the irrational is part of psychic life but is also often repressed and denied. Douglas rightly touches upon a multitude of influences on Jung. She starts off by saying that Jung himself referred to two aspects of his psyche, one that is empirical, rational, practical and so on, and another that is romantic and ?at home with the unconscious, the mysterious, and the hidden whether in hermetic science and religion, in the occult, or in fantasies and dreams.?4 Already a key Jungian belief about the psyche is implied here.

[...] Jung discusses some of Swedenborg's visions in his Collected Works. And in Memories, Dreams, Reflections Jung writes that (in his student years) he ?read seven volumes of Swedenborg.?42 Footnotes 31: Jung, in Shamdasani, S p165 32: Jung, in Shamdasani, S p165 & 166 33: Shamdasani, S p166 34: Jung, & Jarret, J. L 35: Douglas, in Eisendrath, P. & Dawson, T p 25 36: Shamdasani, S p251 37: Jung, in Shamdasani, S p251 38: Shamdasani, S p540 39: ibid 40: ibid 41: Douglas, in Eisendrath, P. [...]

[...] Sonu Shamdasani says that Jung favored an interdisciplinary approach and that therefore Jung never believed in going alone56, nor that his work was complete. In part 2 it will be argued that today's Jungian community can focus on a specific area of psychology, the irrational, which as we have seen, Jung valued greatly. Footnote 56: Shamdasani, S p27 Chapter 2 The Science of the Irrational Jungians are very effective at describing the irrational side of life. Therefore this is the Jungian community's role for me when it comes to their place in the fields of knowledge. [...]

[...] Y & Dawson, T p17 ibid Romanticism and Positivism Jung always insisted that he was scientific.6 Douglas explains that ?Jung's university teachers held an almost religious belief in the possibilities of positivistic science and faith in the scientific method. Positivism [ ] focused on the power of reason, experimental science, and the study of general laws and hard facts. It gave a linear, forwardly progressing, and optimistic slant to history [ ] Positivism gave Jung invaluable training in and respect for empirical science. [...]

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