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Dreams and Sigmund Freud

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  1. Introduction
  2. Interpretation of the 'Dream' in the book
  3. The three misconceptions
  4. Analysis of a dream
  5. The three types of dreams
  6. Findings
  7. Steps involved in dream analysis
    1. Condensation
    2. Displacement
    3. Visual processing
  8. The expression of ideas in a dream
  9. Dream distortion
  10. Dreams: A vent for repressed ideas
  11. Unconscious and preconscious
  12. Dreams as tools to express unfulfilled desire
  13. Three classes of dreams
  14. Conclusion

Dreams are images, sounds or emotions experienced by the mind while in sleep. The specific purpose of dreams has not been understood completely, though there has been quite an interest in this field. The scientific study of dreams is called Oneirology. Sigmund Freud, an Austrian neurologist, who established the psychoanalytic school of psychiatry, has contributed significantly towards research and interpretation of dreams. Freud did a phenomenal job in explaining the operation of the dream in simple and concise terms. He has also spoken about the content of dreams and how we must understand them.

[...] Dreams as tools to express unfulfilled desire Freud even sees a parallel between the darkness of some repressed dreams and the ideas they seek to express. The dreams are confused and obscure and are an illustration of an unfulfilled desire. Anxiety in a dream must be understood as the indirect expression of a repressed desire. The dream is an expression of what we would have liked to happen and we still hope to see happen. In analyzing dreams made by children, Freud realized that they expressed the satisfaction of an unfulfilled wish during the day, in virtually all cases studied. [...]

[...] The three types of dreams Freud distinguishes three types of dreams based on the relationship between latent content and manifest content. The first set of dreams that are "sensible and understandable". These are dreams whose existence does not bother us. Then second set consists of "consistent dreams that show a clear direction". Such dreams produce a disconcerting effect because they are much less palatable than the first type of dream. These are dreams that disturb the people having such dreams. [...]

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