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The gender difference in the prevalence of adolescent depression: An examination of the ABC model of depression as an explanation

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  1. Introduction
  2. An overview of adolescent depression
  3. The ABC model of depression
    1. The cognitive piece
    2. The concept of ruminative thinking
    3. Self surveillance
    4. Body shame
  4. The affective piece
  5. The biological piece
  6. Conclusion
  7. References

?Boys have a penis. Girls have a vagina.? That pure wisdom is a quote from the movie Kindergarten Cop. The little boy summarized the differences between boys and girls quite well but unfortunately nothing in life remains just that simple. Recently the more complex differences between boys and girls have been the focus of research regarding depression. Studies have indicated that while the childhood prevalence of depression in boys and girls is relatively similar, once children reach adolescence girls are nearly twice as likely as boys to exhibit depressive symptoms. This prevalence rate mirrors what is found in adults with depression. What factors are contributing to this difference?

[...] Eventually this is turned inward and the individual takes the insecure attachment and makes it into an internal representation of him or herself (Cicchetti & Toth, 1998). In doing this, they are allowing/using their insecure attachment to shape how they perceive others and how they believe that others perceive them. This is a self-defeating practice because it usually ends with a feeling a failure surrounding peer relationships and this sense of failure contributes to the depressotypic organization associated with those who develop depressive disorders later in life (Cicchetti & Toth, 1998). [...]

[...] Conclusion This piece has barely scratched the surface of the potential reasons that can account for the gender difference in adolescent depression but the ABC Model of Depression is leading in this particular field of research due to its thorough consideration of several different aspects of development that could create the vulnerability to depression in adolescent girls more so than adolescent boys. References Alloy, L. B., Abramson, L. Y., Hogan, M. E., Whitehouse, W. G., Rose, D. T., & Robinson, M. [...]

[...] & Toth, S. (1997). Ontogenesis, depressotypic organization, and the depressive spectrum. In S. Luthar, J. Burack, D. Cicchetti, & J. Weisz (Eds.), Developmental psychopathology: Perspectives on adjustment, risk and disorder (pp. 273-316). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. [...]

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