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Women, Prison and Crime

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  1. There are three distinct differences between male and female prisons.
  2. Prisons are more like cottages.
  3. There are five categories of programs in women's prisons.
  4. Like men, women who have little stake in society often resort to criminal behavior.
  5. Many women don't want their children to know they are in prison.
  6. Women tend to be more successful when challenging their cases.
  7. The way the criminal justice system operated with its laws and set up.
  8. The statistics are mainly from the early-mid 80's.
  9. The biggest issue or concern at that time for women prisoners.
  10. The lack of research may be due to the overall minor numbers of women prisoners.

This book examines female institutions and the treatment of women inmates in the past and today. It focuses on why women are incarcerated, the different programs in prison available to them, crimes women commit, incarceration and crime rates compared to men, prison socialization, and how female prisons operate. It also looks at some of the positives and negative aspects of prison life and issues for women compared to male prisoners. According to the author, there are three distinct differences between male and female prisons. First, prisons for women are smaller. Second, there are fewer of them. Third, they are different than prisons for males.

[...] The prison staff, half of which consists of female guards and administrations seems to be more open and influential in female prisons. They have a more approachable and lenient stance. They engage in more personal relationships with the prisoners and communicate more than those in male prisons. Women tend to need more emotional and family support while in prison to make up for the separation of family. Some women tend to become depressed due to the separation. The loss of interpersonal support and relationships results in many women becoming involved in the prison socialization and develop dyads and families in prison. [...]

[...] Although every category in crime had increased for women, embezzlement increased the most. Murder and manslaughter tends to have the lowest rates. Women don't commit violent crime as much as men and when they do they are more likely sentenced and sentenced more harshly than men. Most murders committed by women involve an abusive husband, circumstances surrounding a husband or boyfriend like jealously or cheating. Much of this has to do with stereotypes of how people think women should act. [...]

[...] Women prisons still didn't have as much in the way of treatment and recreational programs as male prisons did, nor did they have as much access or interest in challenging their cases or fighting discrimination and policies within the prison system. The biggest issue or concern at that time for women prisoners was childcare and there had been little change to assist women prisoners with this issue. So, just like the times the process was slow for change, however, there had been some notable changes in these areas. [...]

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