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Comparison of Lisa Rofel’s Liberation Cohort and the Cultural Revolution Cohort

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  1. The viewpoints of the women, regarding their place in society, in the different cohorts identified by Lisa Rofel differ significantly
  2. In the liberation era, there was marked participation of women in the collective labor, contributing to the surplus production that helped the socialist state industrialize
  3. Women in the middle cohort are those who matured during the Cultural Revolution era
  4. There is a similarity in the way the women have considered the home and family roles since the liberation
  5. The views about modernity among the two cohorts differed significantly
  6. Reading Rofel's work reveals that China has undergone a feminist revolution basically through the entrance of women in the public space

The viewpoints of the women, regarding their place in society, in the different cohorts identified by Lisa Rofel differ significantly. The first two cohorts, the Liberation and Cultural Revolution, show the development of women from debased states to a place of advocacy. Essentially their views of what being a modern woman are influenced by their material deprivations. Comparison of the liberation cohort and the economic reform cohort of women based on their relation to labor, their relation to family, and a particular narrative of modernity shows that socio-cultural construction of gender is an evolutionary process based on reaction to material conditions.

[...] In contrast, the Cultural Revolution women were apathetic to labor since they saw it as a tool of subjugation. They did not define themselves by their labor rather they dreamt of a future of a modern world. The Cultural Revolution cohort held a post-Mao vision of a modern social world where people move often, accumulate wealth, and become elites due to individual inborn talents (Rofel 195). Indeed, they envisioned the modern women entrepreneurs who came about in the 80s. Notably, the post Mao era is characterized by the entrance of China into the global market economy whereby it was opened to foreign direct investment and its goods were sold in international markets and a shift occurred from a production city to an entrepreneurial city where women had equal chances as men (Hairong 584). [...]


[...] Comparison of Lisa Rofel's Liberation Cohort and the Cultural Revolution Cohort The viewpoints of the women, regarding their place in society, in the different cohorts identified by Lisa Rofel differ significantly. The first two cohorts, the Liberation and Cultural Revolution, show the development of women from debased states to a place of advocacy. Essentially their views of what being a modern woman are influenced by their material deprivations. Comparison of the liberation cohort and the economic reform cohort of women based on their relation to labor, their relation to family, and a particular narrative of modernity shows that socio-cultural construction of gender is an evolutionary process based on reaction to material conditions. [...]

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