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How is sexuality and sexual behavior in the developing world shaped by globalization?

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Advanced
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sociology
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Binghamton...

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documents in English
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5 pages
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  1. Introduction
  2. The rising demand and consumption of Western products
  3. The globalization of media images
  4. The global or western ideal
  5. The sex industry
  6. The spread of consumer culture and border crossing sex work
  7. Conclusion
  8. Bibliography

Globalization greatly affects the sexual behavior, choices, habits, risks, identities and health of individuals in the developing world. Sexuality has certainly been altered by the intensification and spread of networks and flows interconnecting individuals and political, economic, cultural, technological and social systems across borders. When we consider how sexuality and sexual behavior have been shaped by globalization, we can come up with dozens upon dozens of arenas of sexuality that have been noticeably marked, like the issues relating to: sexual identity and identification, migration and it's role in the spread of epidemics, homosexuality and bisexuality acceptance and tolerance, the advances of medical technology, ideas and structures of family, increased education, body image perceptions, institutions of marriage and companionship, the widespread distribution of contraceptives and sexual health medicines, racialization and ethnicization of sexuality, the role of the church, feminism and the rise of Western-feminist thought, the omnipresence of NGO's and like-minded organizations; the list simply goes on and on.

[...] Although local and global ethnosexual consumer cultures are a blend of East and West, North and South, Third and Fourth worlds, the power and location of the originating message (the West) should not be underestimated.? (Nagel, 246) Though this has altered the sexual landscape in countless ways, I will very briefly explore only two: the increased demand for western products and distribution and the conveyed message about sexuality that has accompanied this culture. More or less, the focus is upon the spread of the actual commodities and the ways that the marketing of these commodities has altered sexuality and sexual behavior. [...]


[...] The view of homosexuality as an exclusive characteristic of white or Western sexuality has been articulated often by nonwhites and non- Westerners.? In the early 1990's, Zimbabwean president Joseph Mugabe justified the exclusion of Gays and Lesbians of Zimbabwe from an international book fair held in Harare, denouncing ?homosexuality as a Western corruption imported to Africa through colonization'? (Nagel, 124) Another alleged ?imported' manifestation is feminism. Its third world critics caution against feminism and all its immoral ideals of gender equality, claiming it to be a corruption of the developed world invading and tainting their society. [...]


[...] times of peace, as in times of war, sex consumers are drawn to the ethnically exotic sexual encounter.? (Nagel, 200) The sex industry is especially operational in the developing world, where individuals are most vulnerable to this exploitation, due to rampant poverty and lack of opportunities, economically and socially. However, a further process of exploitation is at work: that of sex trafficking, or essentially the commodification and consumption of individuals, as opposed to the purchase of their services, it is the actual individual that is being purchased. [...]

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