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Inequalities in Modern Society

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  1. Introduction
  2. Inequalities in the modern world
  3. The invention of specialized jobs
  4. The rights of the blacks and other races
  5. The issue of sexual orientation
  6. The role played by physical and mental abilities in social status
  7. The racial divides of today
  8. Conclusion
  9. Works cited

Why are modern societies characterized by social, political and economical inequalities? In other words, why do modern societies arrange people in hierarchies of inequality based on wealth, status, power, race, gender, sexual orientation, religion, age and physical and mental abilities?
The modern world is characterized by many inequalities. There are two theories as to why social inequalities arose in modern societies, the integrated theory of social stratification and the exploitive theory of social stratification. The integrative theory suggests that social hierarchies are necessary for the smooth functioning of modern society. The exploitative theory suggests that hierarchies exist because one group of individuals seeks to take advantage of another for economical reasons.

Keywords: Racism, Homosexual, bisexual,transsexual, Klu Klux Klan.

[...] Members cannot participate in the decision making process until they are married and their society rejects the unequal distribution of wealth. They enforce the beliefs that people should be equal and discourage showing off. They teach their children fairness, not to envy others and to be equal with one another. Unlike other societies, this so called utopia does accept modern technology and uses it in their culture. Also unlike other societies they do not sell goods to main stream America. [...]


[...] Our fear of them made it impossible for them to function in society. However, this fear eventually died down. Religious groups have always quarreled between each other for religious supremacy, and they always will. Religious turmoil will always be a problem and one should not be judged by what he believes in. Physical and mental ability are a factor in social status because they are a key factor in determining what job an individual can hold. It would be hard for an armless man to get a job as a forklift operator or for a legless man to get a job as a truck driver. [...]


[...] How do these values affect how we act in school, with friends and on the job? Although strides have been taken to reduce many wide held American beliefs that encourage social inequality, many people still believe that they are better than another race, class, or gender. Racism is still alive today. They Klu Klux Klan is still in existence and is still delivering a message of hate throughout America. The belief of male superiority is still clearly evident in the fact that women make seventy five cents to the male dollar in the work force. [...]

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