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A feminist perspective on climate change issues

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  1. Introduction.
  2. A key problem.
    1. Research on men's and women's differing experiences of natural disasters.
    2. Women who are dependent on the land.
    3. Report on Asian Development Bank.
  3. Cultural feminists like Carole Gilligan.
  4. The proportion of women delegates at Kyoto.
  5. The Clean Development Mechanism (CDM).
  6. Conclusion.
  7. Bibliography.

Climate change has emerged over the last thirty years as one of the major issues in international politics. It is now generally accepted that greenhouse gases emissions are contributing to a process of global warming which is leading to an increased incidence of natural disasters. The IPCC (International Panel on Climate Change) Third Assessment Report of 2001 concluded that there is new and stronger scientific evidence that most of the warming observed over the last 50 years was attributable to human activities (Dankelman 2002, 21). The effects of this global warming can already be seen today in an increased incidence of natural disasters. Rains, floods and cyclones in Mozambique in 2000 made 250,000 people homeless, killed 700 and led to an increased incidence of malaria (Dankelman 2002, 22).

[...] the impact of natural disasters linked to climate change on women in developing countries and the participation (or not) of women in international debates surrounding climate change and the formation of effective climate change regimes. In State of India's Environment Report' published in 1985 by The Centre for Science and Environment (CSE) in New Delhi, they concluded that, ?Probably no other group is more affected by environmental destruction than poor village women? (Dankelman 2002, 23). Although the greenhouse gas emissions of African countries are insignificant in global terms, such countries are likely to bear the brunt of the expected increases in natural disasters linked to global warming (Denton 2002, 14). [...]

[...] This is reflected in the few journal articles I have been able to consult on the issue. However I believe the issues raised by the writers discussed above give us a much fuller understanding of the effect climate change is likely to have on women, particularly those in developing countries. Bibliography Cannon, Terry ?Gender and climate change in Bangladesh, Gender and Development 45-50. Dankelman, Irene ?Climate change: learning from gender analysis and women's experiences of organising for sustainable development,? Gender and Development 21-29. Denton, Fatma ?Climate change vulnerability, impacts, and adaptation: why does gender matter?,? Gender [...]

[...] Now that we have looked at the factors that make women vulnerable to natural disasters linked to climate change we can look at some case studies of natural disasters and their effect on women. Bangladesh is country already susceptible to flooding. One third of the country is submerged by flood waters every summer. This may be seen as a disaster to an outsider, but to the rural population of Bangladesh they are a necessary evil that increase the fertility of the fields and sustains their livelihoods (Cannon 2002, 42). [...]

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