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What place does the Maori culture hold New Zealand today?

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  1. A historical background.
    1. Pre-European life.
    2. At the time of colonization.
    3. Current data.
  2. Maori people today.
    1. Some remains of an old culture.
    2. Maori obtaining redress.
    3. Current Maori references.
  3. A fragile culture.
    1. History is irreversible.
    2. The limits of guilt.
    3. Intercultural conflicts.
  4. Conclusion.

New Zealand, made with several small islands and two main ones, is located between the Pacific Ocean and the Tasman Sea, around 2,000 kilometres far from Australia, New Caledonia and Fiji Islands. It is 270,000 km² large, with three million people living in the northern island and one million in the southern. The main economic resource stands in sheep breeding, for wool, meat and dairy products which constitute the most important exports. Tourism is also an essential source of incomes for the country, which welcomes around 1.5 million foreigners every year. New Zealand is seen abroad as a young and dynamic nation, with spectacular landscapes and a unique natural environment. New Zealand was unknown until the 19th century when European explorers came and marked the beginning of the colonisation and the settlement of many English entrepreneurs. Culture assimilation is a hot topic in the current civilizations, since the number of empires is decreasing and newly independent countries are trying to make their way on the international scene by asserting their own specificities. Mentalities have changed since the time of colonisation, and people are more likely to revive old extinct traditions today. The recurrent question is: how can two cultures coexist without trying to override each other and lead the daily life of a country?

[...] CONCLUSION New Zealand is one of the numerous examples of the difficulty to make people live together and cope with culture shock. Yet, unlike France or the USA where the problem lies in immigration, the minority of New Zealand going through racism is actually the first population of the country. Being the former inhabitants of the nation gives them a very special advantage faced with the colonists, and that might be a reason why it is so hard to settle a judgment about this issue. [...]


[...] Then what is the status of Maori culture in New Zealand? Is their search for identity the sign of a real renewal or just a tourist attraction? A Historical background Pre-European life New Zealand is one of the last lands human people put the foot on. It is said that the first people to get there were tribes coming from the island of Hawaiiki, which would be the actual Raiatea Island next to Tahiti. They came by canoe between the 8th and the 13th century. [...]


[...] Here is a wide list of Maori words that are very well known or often used in New Zealand : - Ariki= first child of a family, priest or chief - Aotearoa = New Zealand - Hapu = ethnic group - Hangi = Maori meal - Hui = gathering of people - Ika = fish - Iwi = Maori tribe - Kia ora = hello (or thanks) - Mana = power - Manu = bird - Maoritanga = Maori tradition - Marae = sacred gathering place - Moko = tattoo - Mokopuna = grandson - Pa = Maori village - Pai = good - Pakeha = European - Patu = weapon - Pipi = a sort of shell - Rahu = basket - Tangata = people - Tangi = traditional funerary habit - Tapu = sacred - Utu = revenge - Waka = canoe - Whanau = extended family - Whenua = earth Maori words are also used a lot in geography: a large amount of places or towns have kept the Maori names they had at the beginning. [...]

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