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The 1919 World series: Effects of a scandal

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  1. Introduction.
  2. 1919 World Series's purpose to bring unity, joy, and peace.
  3. The greatness of the Chicago White Sox franchise.
  4. Influence of the Series.
  5. The eight players' agreements to fix the World Series.
  6. The lasting impact of the 1919 Series.
  7. Conclusion.

Considering the belief that ?[except] for motherhood and the flag, no institution stood more for what was good and true about America than baseball,? America was shocked to learn that her prized pastime was just as corruptible as anything else (Miller 200). The 1919 Baseball World Series was unlike any other event that had ever occurred. When the Chicago White Sox unexpectedly lost to the Cincinnati Reds, many rumors began to circulate and suspicions arose. Over the course of the next few years, inquiries were made, players were tried, and the crookedness of the games was revealed. Although the outcome of a World Series that was played over eighty years ago might seem inconsequential to baseball today, Chicago's scandalous loss drastically affected the baseball world. When eight players from the Chicago White Sox team agreed to throw the World Series in 1919, baseball was changed forever.

[...] The conclusion of the trial did not terminate the lasting effects of the 1919 World Series Scandal. The Scandal was never forgotten; to this day baseball remains scarred from the 1919 World Series. The 1919 Series has had a lasting impact on not only baseball but also the nation. Never before in the history of the game did the need for a Commissioner arise. As Stephen Jay Gould states in the Introduction of the book Eight Men Out, the Commissioner of Baseball was an ?office set up in direct response to the Black Sox Scandal.? After the scandal broke out, Judge Kenesaw Mountain Landis was hired as baseball's first Commissioner in order to keep order and determine what actions should be taken in response to the 1919 Series. [...]

[...] Excitement grew on a daily basis as fans eagerly awaited the commencement of the 1919 World Series. After all, the short 1918 baseball season was a grave disappointment, and the 1919 World Series was the first series played after World War I. With an entire nation in need of entertainment, the series was greatly anticipated. Miller expounds, World Series of was anticipated with what seemed to be more than the usual eagerness, perhaps because it was the first series of peacetime and because the Cincinnati Reds had somehow managed to rise above their accustomed lowly state and finish the season as the National League champions? (200). [...]

[...] The 1919 World Series clearly has had permanent effects on the game of baseball and on those who have learned about the Scandal. The ways in which the nation has been affected by the Black Sox Scandal is clearly evident. This public Scandal drastically changed the perspective on national sports. Changes have been made to the professional baseball league that would not have existed if not for this scandalous experience. These differences in major league baseball can be directly attributed to the decisions made prior to the commencement of the 1919 World Series. [...]

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