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Ethics Paper: Performance Enhancement Substances

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Student
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General public
Study
sports
School/University
Liberty...

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documents in English
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school essay
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3 pages
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  1. Introduction
  2. The scandal during the Tour de France 1998
  3. Common methods of performance enhancement
  4. Players who use performance enhancers
  5. The ethical differences
  6. Extrinsic and innate inequalities
  7. Conclusion
  8. Bibliography

Athletes voluntarily agree to partake in sporting competitions. These contests require opponents to promise to play the game, at the same time, and under the same conditions.7 Performance enhancement substance use is a core ethical issue in sports today. Some athletes feel the use of steroids and other substances violate the equal conditions requirement for sport as well as good sportsmanship conduct, due to the unnatural enhancement they provide. Others feel due to the ubiquity of the drugs they are fair game and see no ethical infraction of equal conditions or sportsmanship by using them to enhance performance.

[...] The WADA performs 180,000 drug tests annually; each one costing five to six hundred dollars.11 According to the World Anti-Doping Agency's ?2007 Prohibited illegal performance enhancing substances can be divided into five specific categories including hormones, beta-2 agonists, anti-estrogenic agents, diuretics, and the most commonly abused category, anabolic agents. Three methods are listed as prohibited chemical and physical manipulation, gene doping, and most notably enhancement of oxygen transfer.11 Each substance and method serves a different purpose and certain types may be more prominent in specific sports. [...]


[...] With this realization and the limited time athletes have to accomplish feats such as these, performance enhancers become appealing because they offer an otherwise superhuman ability. This may have been the case when Floyd Landis stunned the world in stage 17 of the 2006 Tour de France with what is deemed of the most epic days of cycling ever seen? following his breakdown the day before that caused him to fall from first place in the standings to eleventh. His stellar performance included a 120 km breakaway, winning the mountain stage by six minutes and rising eight places in the standings. [...]

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