Falls from heights are a significant risk that should be taken seriously.
Falls from height can have very different origins. It may be noted that the risk appears and evolves in time according to and depending on certain enabling conditions; it can range from simple in attention on the part of the worker or the presence of a drop in environmental positions work and traffic.
Do not let chance decide your fate. You probably know of workers who take risks and never fell. But taking risks when working at height, is flirting with bad luck. Each year approximately 1,000 construction workers are falling their luck ends there. On construction sites, the falls are among the most frequent accidents: an accident on 7. Falls are very serious accidents. An accident in the construction sector results in an average 65 days absence from work. But in the case of falls, it takes 120 days of absence on average, almost double!
The physical causes of persons falling are as follows: presence of an empty side of the structure; presence of a void in the structure or element of structure; e.g. hoppers, elevators, escalators, ducts, etc.; the risk is changing especially when these voids are hidden or protected by means of fortunes (cons plate-polyester sheets etc.); loss of balance on the edge of workers unprotected voids (slip, slip, shock by moving object, malaise, inattention); failure of an installation or device by lack of adaptation to work and risk and lack of strength and stability.
To eliminate these accidents that may qualify as avoidable due mainly to falls from heights. It is necessary to implement a policy of primary prevention; i.e. use of protective devices safe, firstly to prevent workers from falling, and secondly, if it falls they are not serious; this protection can be ensured by the construction itself, or by appropriate means such as railings, surfaces collections or personal protective equipment.
Tags: falling from heights, causes of falls from heights, preventive measures of falling from heights
[...] • Falls are very serious accidents. An accident in the construction sector results in an average 65 days off work. But in the case of falls, it takes 120 days of absence on average, almost double Regulations Law 88/07 of January Executive Decree 91/05 dated January Executive Decree 05/12 of 8 January 2005 Material causes of persons falling 1. Presence of an empty bank of the book; 2. Presence of a gap in the work or part of the book; e.g. [...]
[...] Efficiency and continuity: To eliminate these accidents that can be described primarily attributable to preventable falls from heights. It is necessary to develop a prevention policy based; i.e. use of protective devices safe, firstly to prevent workers from falling on the other hand, if it falls they are not serious, this protection can be provided by the construction itself, or by appropriate means such as railings, surfaces or collections of individual protection. First, we will try to prevent the fall; Note: If there is a partial inability to respect the principle already stated, we will choose the following solution: 2 / gather, by limiting the consequences of fall-protection surfaces consist of collection / protecting each worker individually by appropriate means. [...]
[...] Description of individual equipment: Usually when you wear personal protective equipment that implies "seat belt" with central hanging back or at waist level. However, studies conducted by specialized organizations and manufacturers (INRS-OPPBTP- AFNOR) * have shown that the use of belt has more disadvantages than advantages. Regardless of their qualities of strength, durability etc These belts if dropped communicate a shock to the body dynamics of a value equal to 7 or 8 times its own weight and thus have serious implications, because the risk of broken spine present at the hanging, where visceral lesions that are expected if the hook is back, this is valid for a drop height of 1m. [...]
[...] Different devices fall protection of height Highlight: Workers who are given jobs more than 3m or operating at this level or who are at risk of falling into the void of the book or bank thereof have raised embankment, the neighborhood opening of a well, etc . In this context, there is an absolute obligation to install adequate protection and at the same time it must be compatible with the nature of the work. The guard rails: Work plans that are more than 3m should be mandatory by railings fitted: - A smooth 1m; - As a smooth 0.45 - A plinth 0.15 m high. The attachment depends on the type of construction that can be done by threading reservations, or by pinching of the slab. [...]
[...] Among the most effective and most common on the site may be mentioned especially: • Protection of an opening through railings and wooden baseboards. Use of metal studs, placed outside the volume to be occupied in a future phase of construction on the edge of the slab as support rails and baseboards. • Protection closely boarded maintained by fixing a piece of wood under the slab from floors that can be replaced if necessary by metal plates or mesh panels. [...]
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