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03 Oct 2022

American Cultural Aspects for Business

Course material - 11 pages - Modern history

America has been created from the East to the West. The West is a concept in history, for an American it is often associated with the idea of frontier. In the 19th century St-Louis (Missouri) was considered as the gate way to the West, when people went to the West they went directly to Oregon or...

30 Sep 2022

What Were the Greatest 20th Century Innovations?

Essay - 4 pages - Modern history

As a century of great significance in our modern society, the twentieth century succeeds the Industrial Revolution and was dominated by the first two World Wars, the Cold War, and transformations of the political and social structures across the globe. It was also the time of great technological...

06 Sep 2022

Theories and Critiques Against Military Revolution

Essay - 4 pages - Modern history

The term military revolution refers to theories that try to explain a series of drastic changes in the military over a period of time. It led to many changes that lasted for a long time in the politics and society in Europe. Michael Robert was the introducer of this theory in the year 1950 as he...

06 Sep 2022

The Role of Industrial Production in Labour Organizing

Tutorials/exercises - 3 pages - Modern history

A look back at the development of the labour movement in Niagara can be traced back to the commercial capitalism facilitated by the construction of the well and canal. In this period, the majority of waged workers involved in the construction were unskilled laborers. Their lack of skills became...

06 Sep 2022

Working People in Alberta - Alvin Finkel (2012) - Labour Movements in Alberta

Text commentary - 3 pages - Modern history

Working People in Alberta by Alvin Finkel traces the history of labour in the country during the first nation's residence to the current occupants. The book describes the movement from interviews with ordinary citizens, activists, and labour leaders. It also draws inspiration from...

09 Aug 2022

How was the perception of Arab Spring and pan-Arabism by local and western approaches?

Essay - 7 pages - Modern history

If the Arab Spring has been largely diffused as an unprecedented wave of revolutionary moves into the Arabic world, its connections to a wider global history have often been limited to the tricky issue of pan-Arabism and its underlying questions about nationalism. It all started...

01 Aug 2022
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History of the Constitution of the United States

Course material - 2 pages - Modern history

In May 1776, Congress passed a resolution advising the colonies to form new governments. By 1777, 11 states had drawn up their own Constitutions (which contained the ideas expressed in the Declaration of Independence). Those Constitutions were influenced by democratic ideas (role of Enlightenment...

01 Aug 2022

The United States and the World: demography and energy in the world as predictable long-term factors

Course material - 11 pages - World geography

The current policy, and even more the future policy of any country is difficult to assess, because it depends on a lot of factors, many of them (public moods, politics, personalities) being of a transient nature. But the current and future policy of any country also depends largely on long-term...

01 Aug 2022

The Wilsonian tradition and its limits (1914-1945)

Course material - 6 pages - Modern history

President Wilson (1913-1920) renounced isolationism, which was the American tradition since Monroe: in agreement with his progressive agenda, he believed the US had to act abroad. He promoted a new internationalist doctrine. But he failed to convince either the foreign partners of the US, or, at...

01 Aug 2022

The United States and the World: The Sources and Tools of American Foreign Policy

Course material - 8 pages - Modern history

There is undoubtedly an American exceptionalism: the US considers itself since the 18th century to be different from Europe. It has seen itself from the beginning as a universal model: the “American way of life” (linking most strongly liberal democracy and free enterprise, two notions...

01 Aug 2022

The United States and the World - The Reagan Revolution

Course material - 5 pages - Modern history

Ronald Reagan was elected president in November 1980. It was a return to more liberalism, to more individual responsibility, a move towards deregulation of the economy in a more and more globalized world. Reagan was convinced that this return to liberalism was the only way to overcome the...

01 Aug 2022

The United States and the World: The US and the Cold War (1945-1980)

Course material - 5 pages - Modern history

The goal of this document is to stress the main thrust of American strategy in the Cold War in order to understand the legacy of the Cold War on American foreign policy today. The main structures of US foreign policy and foreign policy establishment and instruments, still in place today, were...

31 Jul 2022

The United States and the end of the Cold War (1989-1990)

Course material - 4 pages - Modern history

President George H. Bush was elected in November 1988. He had to steer the end of the Cold War, 1989-1990. His team was different from Reagan's, although he had been his vice-president: there were no neo-conservatives; the new Administration was more adept of Kissinger's prudent line....

31 Jul 2022

The United States and the World: Globalization in Historical Perspective

Course material - 8 pages - Modern history

The concept of globalization is not new: in his Communist Manifesto, in 1848, Karl Marx underlined that the bourgeoisie needed constantly expanding markets. Some distinctions are important. Globalization happens, or at least is discussed, in the context of several different...

31 Jul 2022

The United States and the World - Russia and China

Course material - 7 pages - Modern history

At the beginning of his first term, President Bush neglected Russia and considered China as the next major geopolitical adversary. At the same time, American analysts were quite confident that Washington would be able to manage the "Geostrategic Triad" between Washington, Moscow and Beijing to...

31 Jul 2022

Towards a Federation of Nation-States? - From the Milan summit to the Nice one (1985-2000)

Course material - 7 pages - Modern history

To try to describe the aim of the European Construction at the beginning of the 90ies, Jacques Delors, president of the European Commission from 1985 to 1995, invented the concept of a Federation of Nation-States. An oxymoron? What does national sovereignty become in such a system? But still it...

29 Jul 2022

Towards a Kind of European Constitution? From the Saint-Malo Franco-British Meeting to the Lisbon Treaty (1998-2007)

Course material - 6 pages - Modern history

In 1998, Prime Minister Blair had to realize that the fact that GB did not participate in the Euro would actually marginalize her inside the European Union. He decided to recover the initiative, and to take up the subject of European defense, where GB could contribute in an important way, because...

29 Jul 2022

Towards a European Confederation? From de Gaulle's Return to Power to the Milan European Summit (1958-1985)

Course material - 6 pages - Modern history

After the failure of the federal concept and the more prudent approach of the Rome Treaties, for about 30 years, the European Economic Community (EEC) seemed to develop more along the concept of a European Confederation, not a Federation, as envisioned by the Founding Fathers, Robert Schuman or...

29 Jul 2022

The European Union and its International Role - Towards a European Federation? (From the European Conference in The Hague to the Rome Treaties, 1948-1957)

Course material - 6 pages - Modern history

Already during the war, many Resistance groups asked themselves how to stop the cycle of recurring European wars. After 1945, many groups and associations suggested going back to the European ideas of the 20s, which included the concept of a European Union (Briand Plan of 1930). They stressed...

29 Jul 2022

The development and failure of the European system (1815-1945)

Course material - 7 pages - Modern history

There was a European system before the current European Union. Its roots went back to the 17th century and the Westphalian peace of 1648. It reached its maturity during the 19th century, after the Vienna Congress, and under the impression of 25 years of revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars. It was...

29 Jul 2022

EU relations in the wake of the 21st century

Essay - 6 pages - Modern history

Eastern and Western Europe were separated in the aftermath of the Second World War by their rapprochement with one of the two great victorious powers, the USSR and the United States. Rebuild = European countries reduced their military budgets and thus find themselves at a disadvantage in the face...

26 Jul 2022
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The Cold War (1947-1991)

Course material - 3 pages - Modern history

The expression used for the first time in 1947 and popularized by the journalist Walter Lippmann is the name given to the international relationships between 1947 and 1991. It was a military and ideological conflict concerning every aspect (economy, ideology, propaganda, science, conquest of...

17 Jul 2022

English Test : History on Geopolitical Relations

Tutorials/exercises - 2 pages - Modern history

In Australia, the “History Wars” are a debate on the nature of the colonial settlement and on the extent of the deprivations suffered by the Aboriginals. What fuels the debate is not merely the quest for an ever-elusive historical truth, but rather the consequences that history has on...

24 Jun 2022

History of Great Britain

Course material - 8 pages - Medieval history

The period which goes from 1488 up to 1603 is often described as a Golden Age in the British history. Henry VIII, Shakespeare, the English Bible with the Anglican Church, the development of Parliament are among the numerous examples that are related to this period. The most important forces of...

24 Jun 2022

History of the British economy

Course material - 2 pages - Modern history

After WW2, to give Britain the chance to rebuild itself economically and socially, the Labour government established the “Post-War consensus” based on the principles of the Beveridge Report from 1945 up to 1979, the two main political parties Labour and Conservative agreed to follow the...

11 May 2022

Radio program: Nelson Mandela

Creative writing - 3 pages - Modern history

"Good morning, New York and welcome to “History and Music” radio! It is 7AM and today we received the famous man nicknamed Madiba who fought against the apartheid in South Africa during his entire life. He was president from 1994 - nineteen ninety-four - to 1999 - nineteen ninety-nine -...

25 Jan 2022

The Hair controversy

Artwork commentary - 6 pages - Modern history

As part of the work for this course, I have chosen to deal with the Hair musical controversy and its resulting issues, such as freedom of artistic expression and freedom of speech, which are allegedly core values of the United States of America. In fact, the First Amendment to the Declaration of...

13 Dec 2021

David Michôd's film "The King" (2019) and Lord of the Rings - J.R.R. Tolkien (1954-1955) - hero's representation in medievalism

Artwork commentary - 3 pages - Medieval history

Medieval society did not have a word about ancient hero models, because heroes belonged only to God. Some knights recognized for their admirable achievements were awarded the title of "Paladin". Nevertheless, the term is restrictive because it cannot qualify Robin Hood, the typical robber of the...

12 Dec 2021

Was there a Thatcher revolution (1979-1990) ?

Course material - 3 pages - Modern history

Britain's situation in 1979 : had been ruled by consensual politics effectively since 1945, with cross-party agreement on the welfare state. It was relatively prosperous in 1950-1960s, yet the 1970s saw Britain face economic and social difficulties, the "Winter of discontent." Thatcher...

10 Nov 2021

Border dispute - The Hala'ibTriangle (Halayeb Triangle)

Worksheets - 2 pages - World geography

I am going to introduce you to the border dispute concerning the Hala'ib Triangle, an area of 20,000 square kilometers between Egypt and Sudan. It is along the 22nd parallel, which represents the border between the two countries, excepted at this very place where the current border is not...