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10 Oct 2022

India: Kesavananda Bharati vs State of Kerala

Essay - 5 pages - Constitutional law

Perhaps the most recognized constitutional decision within the Supreme Court of India reflects on the case of Kesavananda Bharati against the State of Kerala. While the Supreme Court ruled that there was no implied limitation on Parliament's powers on amendments to the Constitution, the...

09 Oct 2022

History of the Common Law System on the English Legal System

Essay - 11 pages - International law

As a direct result of the colonization by the British, many of its states naturally acquired this common law system, being the English law in globo, maintaining its primary principles, procedures, actors and modes of proof. As a consequence of this adoption and utilization of English law, and the...

19 Sep 2022
odt

The AMF (Financial Markets Authority) and market abuse

Course material - 5 pages - Criminal law

Market abuses are also a criminal offenses. Criminal sanctions can be pronounced. They will be pronounced by judicial courts and not by the enforcement committee of AMF. They pronounced fines or jail sanctions. In the french monetary and financial law, there are executive directive listed...

19 Sep 2022
odt

The Law of Contract

Worksheets - 5 pages - Obligation law

The law of contract is a framework in which all commercial transactions from the smallest consumer purchase to the most complex business agreement are going to take place. Contract law is essentially a case-law subject. Case law is all the decisions made by the court. There are very important...

19 Sep 2022
odt

Commercial Law and the Market

Course material - 2 pages - Other law subjects

Before 2006/2007, it was a period of complete boom. It's called the boom time, following to the .com bust in 2000, fixed interest rates at 1% so there were lots of cheap credit. The bank made lots of money. But the bank increased leverage (it's a way of measuring the amount you lend...

18 Sep 2022
pdf

Common Law and Origins of the English Legal System

Presentation - 17 pages - Constitutional law

What is common law? Why is it important to have a knowledge of the principles of common law? How did it develop?

17 Sep 2022
pdf

The United Kingdom Judicial System Today

Presentation - 18 pages - Constitutional law

This documents contains a presentation explaining the United Kingdom judicial system today.

17 Sep 2022
pdf

The English Constitution and the Monarchy

Presentation - 16 pages - Constitutional law

This document is a presentation tackling the English Constitution and Monarchy, explaining the rule of law in the United Kingdom.

16 Aug 2022

Criminal Liability and homicide

Essay - 2 pages - Criminal law

Committing homicide, which according to common law involves the ‘unlawful killing of a human being, caused by another human being', constitutes one of the most serious criminal offenses under the Offenses Against the Person Act 1861 (OAPA 186). The English law recognizes two main acts of...

13 Jul 2022

DAC 6: The Mandatory Disclosure Regime

Practical guide - 4 pages - European law

Under the European Union's DAC6 tax disclosure coordination, the reporting requirements have become enforced across the member states after an almost seven-month postponement of reporting deadlines by many member states, as a result of the recent coronavirus pandemic. Complying with...

30 Jun 2022

Practical case : Employment Law

Law case study - 6 pages - Labor law

1/ David has spent the last two decades working as a security officer for Big Gigs and Loud Sounds Ltd. His contract with Big Gigs and Loud Sounds Ltd expressly declares that he is ‘self-employed' and emphasizes at various points that the basis on which he receives his shifts to work for...

23 Jun 2022

Offer and Acceptance

Course material - 5 pages - International law

A contract is considered as a legally binding agreement between two or more parties. The agreement creates legal rights and obligations that can be enforced in court. The courts have adopted an intellectual framework that analyzes transactions in terms of offer and acceptance to determine whether...

22 Jun 2022

Administrative law in the United States

Essay - 4 pages - International law

Explaining the concept of administrative law can cause complications to many people. Therefore, before going further in this work, we will define the administrative law in advance for a better understanding. Administrative law is the set of rules that define the rights and obligations of an...

10 Jun 2022

The American Legal system versus the English Legal System

Tutorials/exercises - 3 pages - Other law subjects

When we talk about the American legal system, it should be understood as the legal system that applies in the United States of American (US), whereas the English legal system is the one that takes place in the United Kingdom (UK) : England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Island, except for...

06 Jun 2022

Essay on international agreements : sales of Covid-19 vaccines

Essay - 5 pages - International law

This situation has changed the world. Experiencing such situations require a certain level of implication and commitment on the international scale. Meaning, all the countries were henceforth concerned about this pandemic. Fever, dry cough, and exhaustion are the most prevalent Covid-19 symptoms....

20 Mar 2022

Employee protection and economic liberalism in the US: does the search for a balance still make sense?

Essay - 6 pages - Labor law

American history, such as most countries nowadays in the world” history, has been through several periods of crucial changes, socially, economically and in general, politically. Very frequently, this also led to some changes in the legislation that was applied and evolved through most...

01 Mar 2022

How could international law support a transition to renewable sources of energy?

Essay - 4 pages - International law

Climate change is an international issue. Indeed, no matter how much greenhouse gases emissions decrease in Europe, if the world does not act collectively climate change and its consequences will continue. But climate change is not only an international topic, it intersects with many...

17 Dec 2021

Lower-class youth delinquency and incarceration in the United States

Essay - 5 pages - Criminal law

In 2016 in the United States, 11,745 youths were sentenced either to life with/without parole, or virtual life imprisonment (Sentencing Project, 2019). Thankfully, the Supreme Court barred the death sentence of youth offenders (Roper v. Simmons, 2005) even though life without parole and virtual...

17 Dec 2021

Opinion: the process of plea bargaining should be reformed in the American Justice System

Essay - 5 pages - Criminal law

According to the Department of Justice, more than 90% of Criminal Justice cases end in plea bargains (Bureau of Justice Statistics, 2005). This statistic shows how important the process of plea bargaining is in the American Justice System. Clark Neily (2021) describes plea bargaining as "a...

05 Dec 2021

Judgment of the court (Second Chamber), 30 September 2004, Case C-319/03, Serge Briheche v Ministre de l'Intérieur and Others

Law case - 2 pages - Administrative law

A man named Mr. S. Briheche was 48 years old. He was a widower not remarried and had a 12-year-old dependent child. This man applied for four civil servant recruitment contests. However, access to these contests is restricted to persons under the age of 45. The Minister of the Interior,...

09 Sep 2021

Environmental Law - Sustainable Development in South Africa

Essay - 4 pages - Environment law

The expression "sustainable development" has been used for years now. It is all about the promotion of people's well-being, the improvement of their life quality, especially in the long run. This means that what the current generation is doing has consequences on future generations. Therefore,...

01 Sep 2021
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Should the death sentence be implemented globally?

Essay - 5 pages - International law

From the beginning of the world, there have always been multiple ways or theories of punishment. After researches and studies conducted by the experts of the domain, it was revealed that the death sentence takes its roots from the legal and political systems of many countries of the world....

14 Aug 2021

Global overview of the death penalty around the world and reasons to abolish it

Dissertation - 13 pages - Criminal law

As far back as the Old Testament, the death penalty has been established to punish offenses. Nowadays the death penalty, also called capital punishement, defines the execution of an offender who has committed an infringment.This sanction is applied by a recognized instituion after a trial....

16 Jul 2021

The Universality of Fundamental Rights

Essay - 5 pages - Public liberties

The concept surrounding the notion of the universality of fundamental rights, and more precisely that of human rights, implies in reality rights that would apply to all of humanity. Its point of origin, both historical and philosophical, in fact, lies in an 18th-century French text, namely: The...

16 Jul 2021

The right of veto in the US Constitution

Essay - 5 pages - Constitutional law

In 1787 the US Constitution established a special political regime that has no equivalent elsewhere. This observation stems from the will of the Founding Fathers, who wanted to build a characteristic and unique system of balance of power. In addition to the implemented separation of powers, this...

16 Jun 2021
doc

The risks of democracies

Essay - 3 pages - International law

In order to determine whether there is a violation of due process, it is necessary to ask several cumulative and conditional questions. If so, is a fundamental right involved? And finally, depending on the answer to this question, it is necessary to apply the standards of the review to provide an...

12 Mar 2021
doc

Witnesses and Data Messages

Law case study - 3 pages - Criminal law

In terms of section 15 of the Electronic Communications and Transactions Act, 25 of 2002 ('ECTA') the legal requirements for the admissibility and weight of data messages are stipulated by the Act. The term 'data message' means data generated, sent, received or stored by...

12 Mar 2021
doc

Professional ethics of attorneys (South Africa)

Law case study - 6 pages - Other law subjects

Mr. Matlou was the attorney at the state attorney who was briefed by the department of health to represent it as a defendant in the case L v MEC for Health, Gauteng. His conduct in the matter and the manner in which he dealt with it both before, during and after the trial, illustrates...

12 Mar 2021
doc

Legal Philosophy - Value judgments and how judges decide cases - Mapodile v Minister of Correctional Services 2016 (2) SACR 413 (GJ)

Law case study - 5 pages - Civil law

This case concerned the rights of gay prisoners and their treatment in prison. The applicant was a gay prisoner who brought an application to the court seeking the court's assistance in establishing the rights of gay and lesbian men and women to be confined in cells with people of similar...

02 Feb 2021
doc

State sovereignty in international public law

Essay - 5 pages - International law

Jean Bodin (1530-1596) considered that the concept of sovereignty is an absolute concept. Sovereignty is a key concept when it comes to dealing with the state and its place in the international arena. It is, indeed, a concept that has been fostered to characterize the intrinsic power of states:...