The current political and economic scenario presents tremendous opportunity for companies to benefit from a higher growth potential in international markets due to economic globalization and hyper-liberalization of trade. World trade has multiplied through a series of economic agreements and alliances between countries, facilitating trade between countries and promoting international competition. Thus, there are many more potential customers and, thereby many more competitors and the battle for markets has become very fierce.
The competitive edge is attained most often by means of a competitive advantage. Therefore, it follows the key factors for success and remaining competitive, are manifested by the management of all the integrated processes of the business of the company and all its partners and associates. This is mainly to develop a comprehensive project to guide and even fully control all the flows (horizontal, vertical, transverse) throughout the supply chain, from the suppliers of its suppliers to the customers of its own customers. This project, commonly called "Supply Chain Management", is gradually being established within the companies to respond quickly to demands and needs of the consumer-king who is constantly looking for low prices and quality.
Supply Chain Management is defined as the integrated management of the logistics process that encompasses the functions of planning, execution and control of all phases of a product's life cycle (from conception to delivery, or even to recycling), and therefore has the advantage of having a global vision of all these activities; an ideal condition for optimizing the management of its real-time organization. During the last few decades, firms have implemented a total reorganization of work and developed plans for production administration to improve their productivity, they now are obliged to reduce costs and satisfy demanding customers, to establish the optimal management of all the processes and streams (physical and information) throughout the supply chain.
It would be interesting to define more precisely the concept of Supply Chain Management by studying some of the companies operating in this direction. It would also be worth our while examining whether or not the concept of Supply Chain Management is applied in the vast majority of companies.
ASLOG (French Association for Logistics) indicates that 8 out of 10 companies in France say they implement a process of supply chain management. However, it appears that the concept of supply chain management is quite complex, as shown by the numerous investigations devoted to it.
It is therefore understandable that the Supply Chain Management adds a strategic dimension to business. In this sense it is no longer to do everything internally but to resort to outsourcing of ancillary activities, such as Supply Chain Management, because we consider it preferable to concentrate on the core business and outsource everything we do not consider ourselves adept in.
Outsourcing is a transaction whereby a company entrusts to an external management certain activities deemed as not being part of the core of the business operations. These activities formerly handled by the company personnel are now performed by employees of the provider and can be done either on the premises of the company or within the premises of the provider.
[...] King of Macedonia at -336, it is one of the greatest conquerors in history, famous for his thirst for conquest of the Western world. Grand Roman general and politician, political strategist and military. respectively father and son, both Secretaries of State for War of Louis XIV, they have largely contributed to the victory of the troops of Louis XIV during the Thirty Years War by providing logistical support. D. Lambillotte, logistics function in the company st ed., Paris, Wiley The ASLOG, the French Association for Logistics is a neutral and independent.Multisectoral, it is now the only association that covers all activities within the global supply chain. [...]
[...] In this sense, they are of significant interest to outsource their services to long distance road transport, which allows them to save money and avoid "empty returns." The vast majority of large retailers such as Carrefour or Auchan and have outsourced their transportation services. • Outsourcing is often the best way to assess the costs of its SCM and follow their evolution over time. • Market pressure forces companies to improve their logistics services. But often, it appears that the internal efficiency of logistics services is low due to the fact that the skill level is not high enough. It is therefore preferable in this situation to outsource to a provider. [...]
[...] The whole process of outsourcing must be prepared. This preparation will need to approve the strategic decision to use outsourcing all or part of its SCM and assist in the selection of the provider with which it will commit to the longer term. If outsource all or part of its SCM can be an important source of gains in cost reduction and service performance, the fact remains that outsourcing has a significant cost and represents a commitment contractual or long term. [...]
[...] Since beating the competition today is proposing a more efficient supply chain, better planned, more fluid, less restrictive . that's how we can offer the best price, thus we make a better customer satisfaction, this is how we will reduce inventory and we will reach the final to the logic of "five zeros". If 8 out of 10 say they are in the process of SCM, which at first glance seems satisfactory, they are in most cases to a still low level of maturity. [...]
[...] In this logic, in addition three sources of competitive advantage developed by Christopher M. that the 3 R's for Reliabilility, Responsiveness and Relationship (Reliability, sensitivity to demand and relational). The "Reliability" of a company explains the importance of meeting deadlines and quantities required for delivery, "Responsiveness" assesses the degree of responsiveness and flexibility in responding to fluctuations in market demand, the third source competitive advantage "Relationship" refers to the establishment of sustainable partnerships necessary for the ongoing search for a better quality, innovation, greater cost reduction and better management of deliveries. [...]
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