"The greatest force is common blood. The Chinese belong to the yellow race because they come from the blood stock of the yellow race. The blood of ancestors is transmitted by heredity down through the race, making blood kinship a powerful force", said Sun Yatsen in 1927. Today the question of national identity in China is an important problem, especially as the world is getting more and more global. Although 92% of the Chinese population is 'Han', there are 8% that belong to one of the 55 officially recognised ethnic minorities. The government follows Staline's description of 1913 that defines an ethnic group as follows: "a historically constituted, stable community of people, formed on the basis of a common language, territory, economic life, and psychological make-up manifested in a common culture" . The ethnic group to which one belongs is written on his identity
card in addition to Chinese nationality ('minzu'). Some of them have historically always belonged to
China; others have been integrated more recently.
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