The year is 1942. Nazi gains in the Soviet Union and North Africa have brought the Allies to the verge of destruction, while Japan continues to conquer island after island in the Pacific. Even Australia is in full panic mode, as occupied New Guinea seems likely to serve as the staging point for an invasion of that island continent.
Dire as the situation is, though, there is still hope. While far from the minds of soldiers on the ground, by spring of the following year, the entire German VI Army will be encircled and crushed, as Field Marshal Friedrich Paulus becomes the first German officer of that rank to surrender. The humiliating series of blows dealt by the Red Army would not have been a factor if it had not been for Hitler's greatest mistake: the invasion of the Soviet Union.
[...] The bloody hand-to-hand fighting was over soon, and the Soviets dug in at the top of the hill to await a German counterattack. Meanwhile, the bulk of the fighting turned to the railway station. In the first day of fighting there, the Stalingrad-1 Railroad Station changed hands four times, but, at the end of a long day, it remained in Soviet hands. Simultaneously, Front HQ was moved a little over a mile away for a safer location. Two weeks later, the railway station fell to the Germans and remained in their possession. [...]
[...] The Red Army had won, though, and the Wermacht was now on the retreat. After the battle, the Germans no longer had the strength or motivation to continue their invasion into the USSR. They began to withdraw completely from the Eastern Front. The Battle of Stalingrad truly was the turning point for World War II, and it sent the Nazis home with their tails between their legs. It was the beginning of the end for Nazi Germany. Works Consulted Beever, Anthony. [...]
[...] In an incredible stroke of luck, though, Yeremenko thought that Weichs was heading for the left flank, and so began to withdraw his troops, stymieing the panzers heading for the city. As the battle dragged on, the casualty list added up, and STAVKA began to move more reinforcements into the fray. General Alexander Roditsemev's 13th Guards Division, consisting of 10,000 men, was the first to enter the city, along with a battalion of nine tanks from his last reserve of nineteen. [...]
[...] New York, NY: Holt, Rinehart and Winston Wilson, Alan. “German OB - Army Group South”. German Orders of Battle During the Second World War. Edited: 11/25/99. Visited: 5/8/2006. < http://dspace.dial.pipex.com/town/avenue/vy75/gerobs.htm> Ziemke, Earl F. Stalingrad to Berlin: The German Defeat in the East. New York, NY: Dorset Press *3456MNOd‡ˆ‰óáÏÀÏªÀá–ó‰o_RA7hØ"SOJQJ^J!hOxh71Y5?>* OJQJ \?^JhOxh¦vOJQJ^J- hOxh¦v5?OJQJ\?^J2jhOxh¦v5?OJQJU \?^JmHnHu hØ "S5?OJQJ\?^J&hOxhØ"S5?OJQJ\?^JmHsH+hØ"ShØ"SCJ0OJ QJ\?^JaJ0mHsHhØ"SCJ0OJQJ\?^JaJ0#hØ"ShØ"SCJ0OJQJ\ ?^JaJ0#hØ"ShØ"SCJ$OJQJ\?^JaJ$hOx5?OJ Trevor-Roper, H.R. Blitzkrieg to Defeat: Hitler's Wartime Directives 1939-1945; ©1964 Holt, Rinehart and Winston; New York, NY; pp. 49-52. Wilson, Alan; “German OB - Army Group [...]
[...] In this particular example, only 550 tanks had been allotted in the first place, and many of those never even got across the river. As one German tanker put it, “whenever a Russian tank was hit, almost every panzer in the battle it as a kill.” The Soviet hydra could not go on forever growing more heads for them to chop off. By July 25, the Germans had cleared the bend of the Don. There they halted. They had run out of ammunition and fuel. [...]
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