In 1588, Queen Elizabeth I, was seated on the throne for 30 years. Although she had to overcome various obstacles and conspiracies, those years were marked by peace and prosperity in general. However, due to several factors, the situation really began to deteriorate during the last decade of the century. First, the 1590s were marked by internal difficulties due to poor harvests, soaring prices, peasant revolts and high taxes. Externally, the situation deteriorated with other European countries. The Queen could have tried to keep good relations with the Spanish King and Queen of Scotland at the beginning of her reign. She had to admit later that their interests were not compatible with those of Protestants. In addition, she had to deal with wars with the Netherlands and France. As regards Ireland, it was necessary to establish the political order and for that the Queen was trying to implement a policy of "plantations" since 1575. This meant replacing the Irish tenants who could not be trusted by the English settlers. In 1590, Ulster was still an obstacle to this policy. The government had to find solutions to the emergence of all these problems at home and abroad.
[...] The crisis of the 1590s in Tudor England In 1588, Elizabeth the First was on the throne for thirty years. Although she had to overcome various obstacles and conspiracies, these years were marked by peace and general prosperity. However, due to several factors, the situation began to really deteriorate during the last decade of the century. First, the 1590s were marked by internal difficulties due to poor harvests, soaring prices, peasant revolts and high taxes. Outside, the situation deteriorated with other European countries. [...]
[...] Economic conflict with Spain and English piracy against the Spanish colonies (Elizabeth had been to appoint Francis Drake Knight) led to the Anglo-Spanish War of 1585. In 1587, the execution of Mary, Queen of Scots and devout Catholic king of Spain gave to a cause of action. In ships of the Spanish Armada sailed to England in hopes of invading, but the plan was foiled and they were forced to return to Spain Armada. Yet the war with Spain continued and Parliament voted to award large sums to continue a war that had begun so well. [...]
[...] The Crown would have preferred to rely on more enthusiasm from the gentry but it depended on its recruiters and was unable to correct this situation. The government tried to reduce the financial costs of the war, but he wiped his criticism of parsimony. It would have been possible to squeeze more citizens through forced loans, but refused to touch private sources of funding, which made them choose an austerity policy. The case of Ireland was another of the challenges faced Elizabeth. During his reign, the country, which was not yet fully settled, enjoyed little political and social respite. [...]
[...] Armand Colin. -Illustrated dictionary of Irish history. Seamas Mac Annaidh. Gill and MacMillan. [...]
[...] The Anglo- Spanish War reached its climax after the death of Philip II in 1598. In the Netherlands, Protestants rebelled against Spanish rule and demanded independence. Initially, the British support was limited to financial aid and hospitality of Dutch ships in the ports but after the assassination of Stadtholder in England, William 1 began to openly affirm his support for the country. In France, the assassination of Henry III threatened to alter the balance of power in Europe. The Catholic League violently refused to recognize the throne of France Henri, King of Navarre, who Henry III had appointed as his successor, as legitimate. [...]
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