The United States Civil War was a watershed event for the country. The consequences of the conflict changed the landscape of the country forever. Historian Charles Beard labeled the war "The Second American Revolution", because he believed that more change took place during this period than any time since the Revolution. The most drastic change that occurred during the period was the abolition of slavery and the freedom given to African-Americans as a result of the passing of the Thirteenth, Fourteenth, and Fifteenth Amendments. These three pieces of legislation not only freed the slaves but gave them equal protection under the law. In only a few short years, the entire social structure of the country was uprooted and replaced by a new American society.
[...] The members of Congress understood the impact that this had upon the country, and immediately set about to make sure the war went in the Union's favor. Congressmen, especially those who were alive during the War of 1812, understood the enormous economic costs of fighting a war. A report by the Secretary of the Treasury gave exact figures on how much he believed the war would cost, and even discussed ideas about how money should be raised to fight the battles. [...]
[...] Economic Impact of the American Civil War. Cambrdige, MA: Schenkman Beard, Charles, and Mary Beard. The Rise of American Civilization. Two volumes. New York: Macmillan Boriit, G. S. Lincoln and the Economics of the American Dream. Memphis: Memphis State Gienapp, William E. The origins of the Republican Party, 1852-1856. New York: Oxford Gilchrist, David & W. David Lewis. Ed. Economic Change in the Civil War Era. Greenville, DE: Eleutherian Mills-Hagley Hacker, Louis Morton. The Course of American Economic Growth and Development. [...]
[...] The first economic historian to delve into the Civil War was Charles Beard, who labeled the war the “Second American Revolution.” In his book The Rise of American Civilization, Beard said, war produced vast changes in the course of industrial development, and in the constitution inherited from the Fathers.” Another historian, Louis Hacker, summed up Beard's argument by stating, war's striking achievement was the triumph of industrial capitalism.” Both Beard and Hacker argued that the legislation that was passed during the war was necessary to the economic growth of the country, and without it America would never have experienced the vast growth of the subsequent century. [...]
[...] Tariffs, Blockades, and Inflation: The Economics of the Civil War. Wilmington, DE: SR Books Pg 26 Eklund, Robert and Mark Thorton. “Rebuttal” The Milken Institute Review: 5 Sept 2003. < http://www.milkeninstitute.org/publications/review/2003_9/05_06mr19.pdf> Gilchrist, David & W. David Lewis. Ed. Economic Change in the Civil War Era. Greenville, DE: Eleutherian Mills-Hagley Pg Gienapp, William E. The origins of the Republican Party, 1852-1856. New York: Oxford Pg Thorton, Mark and Eklund, Robert B. Tariffs, Blockades, and Inflation: The Economics of the Civil War. Wilmington, DE: SR Books Pg 16 Gienapp, William E. [...]
[...] The Southern Democrats condemned Frémont and the Republicans because they said the Republican Party was, divisive force that threatened Civil Despite these Southern threats, the Republicans pushed forward in their attempt to take control of the presidency when they nominated Abraham Lincoln as their candidate for the 1860 election. Lincoln was easily elected in 1860, despite the fact that his name was not even on the ballot in nine of the Southern states. The party now had a Republican as President who the party would shape to fully embody the economic ideas of Republicans. [...]
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