Deficit disorder, Organic Cerebra Injury, Hohman
In the year 1902 the English physician George Fredick Still described, children who had behavior described as aggressive, defiant, unruly, cruel, with difficulties in attention and with little control. Dr. Still called these behaviors of a "defect in moral control." The doctor suggested that these children had a difficulty in inhibiting responses to stimuli and identified some kind of hereditary influence.
Subsequently, Meyer (1904) and also Goldstein (1936) observed similar behavior to that described by Still in children who had suffered traumatic brain injuries and disorders sugeri¬ram terms of Organic Comporta¬mento Cerebra Injury and which would, according to these authors , behaviors resulting from injuries.
Hohman (1922) observed similar behavior framework in children who had had encephalitis epidemic in 1917-18. Since these children were survivors of encephalitis, the author interpreted behavioral problems such as the sequels of a central nervous system injury.
[...] A certain level of activity, normal dispersion at two years is abnormal in the seventh. A child who was educated in order not to obey limits may behave in order to be interpreted as being hyperactive. Children with sensory loss may seem overly busy and distracting, and it's not always easy to identify auditory and / or visual problems. Put children in an unfavorable educational situation, such as in a school that uses a type of inappropriate pedagogy, may respond by becoming restless and distracting. [...]
[...] These numbers are statistics held in the US and do not necessarily reflect our reality. According to this association, the frequency with which this problem can be found in the adult population ranges from to 7%. The same sources also indicate that in about 25% of cases, find any close relative also affected, which would show the importance of family factors. As is the case in several other neuropsychological conditions, the male is the most affected in the proportion of three boys for every girl. [...]
[...] At mealtime, they are unable to remain quiet at the table when the rest of the family is quietly trying to feed. Holders of the TDA / H and TDA are slaves of environmental stimuli, responding to almost all of them and indiscriminately. Formerly it was common to claim that the TDA / H was a typical childhood condition and the signs and symptoms decreased over time until it disappears completely around adolescence. More recently, however, studies have shown that, in fact, the condition may persist into adulthood, although it is true that hyperactivity as such often become less prominent. [...]
[...] Since these children were survivors of encephalitis, the author interpreted behavioral problems such as the sequels of a central nervous system injury. From this assumption, came to predominate the following reasoning: if these children until then normal, began to show this kind of behavior as a result of encephalitis, could admit children with this same type of behavior de¬vem have had also some kind of brain insult and began to use the Brain Injury label Minimum (LCM). At that time there was done, yet, the distinction between behavioral framework and possible difficulties in school learning. [...]
[...] The diagnosis of Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity is becoming increasingly frequent. Very young children come to the office with this diagnosis and, not infrequently, since medicated, and are already the subject of some other form of treatment in any clinic. The author believes there is a great exaggeration in the use of this diagnóstico.As reasons for this misconception are varied, but it seems important sociocultural factors are not taken into consideration. And, he said, the criteria for establishing the diagnosis of ADD / H and TDA are very subjective and subject to errors of judgment. [...]
using our reader.