Interpersonal behaviors, Human development, Social categorization
Personal perceptions are different mental processes used by people to create an impression on others. It is the processes of making an impression and the different conclusion individual make about others in relation to this impression. People form impression using very little knowledge or information of the other, for example, a person can make an impression on a new employee, shop attendant, or a stranger. This makes person perception process to be subjective since it is influenced by characteristics of the victim, situation, and personal characteristic of the person forming the impression. People focus on noticeable point instead of attempting to get background information.
Peoples' perception can be formed based on different factors. Roles and social norms expected from others serve as a basic factor in forming impression. There is obvious characteristics trait that an individual is expected to portray, which is used to form initial perception. Person perception can also be formed from physical cues and presentation such as dressing code. People can be judged and the conclusion is made based on the way from outside without considering personality traits.
Social categorization is another factor that is used in forming an impression by categorizing people into different groups based on general characteristics, which include race, occupation, gender, and age (Andersen, Taylor, & Khalfani, 2007) It occurs automatically and unconsciously in most occasions, although there are times it happens consciously. Social categorization facilitates quick judgment by allowing people to make a decision as per expectation of that group without getting to know individuals at a personal level. However, this technique is disadvantageous in that it can result in stereotyping and errors in the impression formed.
[...] They consider the world as a minefield, without a way to navigate through life. They think their only hope is on gathering knowledge and information through learning to manage to anticipate the thoughts and behaviors of those they meet. Their aim in gathering all these knowledge is to understand their place in the world, but not to find an identity. They are driven by the desire to understand everything, including their feelings. Their urge to acquire factual success substitutes their emotional personality. [...]
[...] They are responsible of taking the role of organizing by maintaining detailed records. They have self- awareness as comprising emotionally capability. They perceive the world as a prearranged environment with comparable people who enjoy the company of each other. They assume that the only way to make the world a good place is through setting rules and regulations that should be followed strictly by others, but not them. Their desire is to set rules and law and impose them on others. [...]
[...] Obedience is influenced by the person issuing the order. If the person issuing the order is ranked in the same category to the person receiving, there is a likelihood of disobedience. The juniors obey with the expectation to receive rewards and avoid the unenthusiastic penalty of disobedience. Helping Behavior Helping behavior are voluntary actions that aim at assist others without any reward in exchange. People are unlikely to volunteer to help a distressed person if there are other people present a situation know as bystander effect in psychology. [...]
[...] Formation of groups plays a major role in development of individuals and help organizations to achieve their goals. Understanding of different psychology approaches ensures that there is unity in the world because people can bear with each other depending on the characteristic traits. Reference Andersen, M. L., Taylor, H. F., & Khalfani, Akil Kokayi. (2007). Sociology: The essentials. Mason, OH: Thomson Wadsworth. Tagiuri, R., & Petrullo, L. (1958). Person perception and interpersonal behavior. Stanford, Calif: Stanford Univ. Press. Samli, A. [...]
[...] Cognitive component is involved with personal belief or knowledge of attitude on the object. These components are linked, but cognitive and affective component may differ with behavior. Attitude provides knowledge of life that is essential in predicting the occurrence of events giving a sense of control. It helps individuals to organize and structure experiences. Attitude also helps in self expression through communication and development of a positive feeling that comes from affirmation of identity (Tagiuri, & Petrullo, 1958). People can express their attitude using non-verbal communication. [...]
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