Autism is a neurobehavioral disorder that can be both frightening and heart breaking for parents and children. Children with autism often have trouble dealing with the world and often have trouble communicating and understanding the world around them. Autism, sometimes known as Autism Spectrum Disorder, actually refers to a broad list of disorders, but autism itself is the most severe form of ASD. Each ASD disorder varies, but any of those disabilities can occur in all children, regardless of ethnic or socioeconomic backgrounds. Experts in the field estimate that every three to six children out of 1,000 will develop autism. Luckily, autism is easily diagnosed, and now, children with autism can lead somewhat normal lives, and receive a proper education. (prof, doesn't like normal)
[...] This creates a problem because children with autism must have an early intervention in order to better help them. The margin of error in ASD diagnostics is low, and usually occurs during some type of changes during the diagnostic process. Some children may exhibit signs of ASD, but not enough of them to be diagnosed as autistic. Usually, those children will be diagnosed as PDD- NOS. “Children whose language skills are developed, but still exhibit signs of autism may be diagnosed with Asperger Syndrome” (Asperger Syndrome Information Page, www.ninds.nih.gov). [...]
[...] Some children do not develop autism until later. Some later symptoms of autism include: inability or impaired ability to develop friendships with classmates or peers, inability to initiate or have a conversation with other people, an absence of imaginative or social play, repetitive or unusual use of language, patterns of interest that are abnormal in intensity, preoccupation or obsession with certain objects or subjects, and inability to follow rules and structure. Children with ASD also have a higher risk of developing other conditions, such as Fragile X syndrome, which is known to cause mental retardation. [...]
[...] There are many different resources for both children who are affected with the disorder and families who have children who are affected by this disorder. Autism no longer means that the child is hopeless; there are many programs that specialize in dealing with autistic children. There are many careers that have been built out of dealing with autism as well. The negative social stigma that comes with autism is slowly disappearing, as information about the disability is becoming more mainstream. [...]
[...] Whereas in other autism disorders, patients have trouble speaking or developing words, children with Asperger Syndrome are different. Their only ties to ASD are their trouble socializing and behavioral issues. The disorder is named from the Austrian pediatrician who distinguished it from other ASD disorders, Hans Asperger. In 1944, he described in his research, types of children who lacked nonverbal communication skills and were physically clumsy. This diagnosis did not become standard until 50 years later, and now there are debates on whether or not Asperser's should be a diagnosis at all. [...]
[...] This means that children with autism have a very short vocabulary, and when they do speak they are more likely to simply repeat other's words or reverse pronouns. This symptom is easy to recognize in babies and young children, as the differences in communication may be present as soon as the child is born. Babies with autism usually have a delayed onset of babbling, strange vocal patters, unusual gestures and few responses to those who try to communicate with them. [...]
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