As multi-cultural counseling becomes more commonplace, the need for assessments that can be used across cultures is increasing. While some test authors have attempted to write assessments that are culturally non-specific, or culture-free, it has been proven to be nearly impossible to create such an assessment (Whiston, 2009, p. 373). The best possible alternative is culture-fair assessment, where there is no variance due to the test-taker's environmental or cultural experiences (Whiston, 2009).
[...] The test consists of items on a 4-point Likert scale, and results in scores for global self-esteem, a self-esteem quotient as well as subscales for Perception of Familial Acceptance, Perception of Academic Competence, Perception of Peer Popularity, and Perception of Personal Security (Huebner). The Self-Esteem Index norm groups were analyzed in terms of gender, race, domicile, geographic region, ethnicity, and parental educational attainment, showing little bias with the exception of children who come from homes where English is not the primary language (Huebner). [...]
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