Violence, Martin Luther King, political affairs, civil rights movement, black segregation, abolish the injustice linked to segregation, peaceful means of actions, political conflict, racial segregation, evolution of human's mindset
Martin Luther King Jr. (1929 - 1968) was an American minister and a social activist, who is mostly known for his leadership of the civil rights movement in the United States. Thanks to him, the segregation of Black Americans stopped. Given his implication in non-violent movements in order to reach civil rights in his country, he received the Nobel Peace Prize in 1964.
[...] King is: ‘Violence brings only temporary victories; violence, by creating many more social problems than it solves, never brings permanent peace.' For him, violence is never the right solution in the long run. It is undeniable that violence ends conflicts; but it does not really solve them, because it relies on the crushing of the weakest by the strongest. Therefore, it is the law of the strongest: there is always an injured part in an agreement reached by violence. This can be likened to a return to the state of nature as theorized by the political philosopher Thomas Hobbes, which is a theory about how people used to live before the apparition of society. [...]
[...] Bibliography Article ‘Martin Luther King, Jr', written by Clayborne Carson and David L. Lewis, Encyclopædia Britannica, published on March URL: https://www.britannica.com/biography/Martin-Luther-King-Jr Article ‘Racial segregation', written by the editors of Encyclopædia Britannica, Encyclopædia Britannica, published on January URL: https://www.britannica.com/topic/racial-segregation Article ‘State of nature', from Wikipedia the free encyclopaedia, edited on November URL: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/State_of_nature Article ‘Genèse du conflit israelo-palestinien', by Radio-Canada, published on November URL: https://ici.radio- canada.ca/nouvelle/589823/conflit-israelo-palestinien-genese United Nations Peacekeeping, on the website of the United Nations. URL: https://peacekeeping.un.org/en A Testament of Hope: The Essential Writings and Speeches of Martin Luther King, Jr., first published in 1986. [...]
[...] For him, non-violence is a style of politics for peace, as it can be understood in his sentence ‘Violence brings only temporary victories', from his book A Testament of Hope: The Essential Writings and Speeches. In this quote, what M.L. King means of violence refers to the most common sense of the word, that is to say physical violence against other human beings which inflicts injury or death, or threatens to inflict such violence, or any act dependent on such infliction or threat. [...]
[...] But violence can never be a solution to reach a true peaceful agreement, and is often vain. B. The vanity of violence: a habit that has been questioned about the evolution of human's mindset Even if violence was efficient in order to stop conflicts quickly, this result didn't bring a lasting peace, as we can see with the perpetuation of recurrent armed conflicts around the world. With the evolution of society and past conflicts that humanity has experienced, people in general started to realize the vanity of violence in order to find peace. [...]
[...] And violence was also contained in the new form of constant ideological pressure. But in the end, all these violent actions, even if it finally put an end to the conflict, never really solved the problem. Therefore, violence seems to be a solution on a short-range. However, if the aim of a leader is to reach a peaceful state that last, this objective will never be pursued by using violence. That is why MLK said that the victories brought by violence could only be temporary. [...]
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