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case study
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  1. Responsibilities of a judge
  2. Ineffective Judges
  3. Preliminary Hearing
  4. The Grand jury

A courtroom Judge is the person who signs the arrest warrants that permits an arrest to occur and the search warrants required for the Police to perform legal searches. Before a trial may begin, there are certain steps that must be followed. After an arrest has been made the booking process will occur. The suspect is taken to the station where they are searched, photographed, fingerprinted, and allowed one telephone call. Following the booking process is the initial appearance. The suspect is informed of their charges and their rights by the Judge. During this process, the suspect is allowed to request an attorney, otherwise one can be appointed. Depending on the crime the Judge may decide that the suspect may require bail for a release. The Judge determines and sets the bail all the while keeping the suspect's charges in mind. The Courtroom Judge may also decide to revoke bail. This may because the suspect is a violent offender, or perhaps they are a repeat offender, or the suspect is a danger to themselves or others. The Judge decides to revoke bail at the initial appearance than the suspect will have to stay in County Jail until the result of the trial. The 6th Amendment promises the right to a speedy trial.

A speedy trial helps to ensure that the accused suspect's reputation will not be jeopardized, if the accused is proven not guilty of the charges against them. A speedy trial includes: no more than 30 days between the day the arrest was made and the arraignment, no more than 10 days between the day of the indictment was conducted and the date of the arraignment, and finally no more than a total of 60 days between the date of the arraignment and the trial. The sooner a trial can be held the sooner their innocence can be proven. After the initial appearance, the suspect will then attend either a preliminary hearing or face the grand jury. Both are used to determine if there is probable cause. In the preliminary hearing, a judge will determine probable cause.

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