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A world apart

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case study
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  1. Strong similarities in the judiciary and grave differences in corrections
  2. American prisons
  3. Mexican prisons
  4. A separation of the two

Offenders are placed in prisons when their sentenced to be incarcerated for a year or more and only then. Even still America's prisons are extremely overcrowded. ?Since 1980, America's prison population has more than tripled, creeping up to the two million mark. The number of females in prison has quadrupled.? (Patel and McMurray, n.d.) American's understand the importance for inmate's safety. Therefore America has created prisons specifically for men and those exclusively for women. There are six types if prisons in America. The first and the highest level of security is the super max. Super max prisons house the most violent offenders and make up 20 percent of the prison population. All offenders in super max prisons are on permanent lock down.

The next type of prison is Maximum-security prisons, which holds about 12 percent of the state's prison population. The third type of prison is Close-high-security prisons. ?In some states, these are considered a kind of maximum security, though the security measures are less restrictive and the ratio of inmates to guards may be higher. About 16 percent of state inmates are held in this classification.? (Foster, 2003) The fourth type is Medium-security prisons. This type of prison has the highest amount of offenders as it houses 35 percent of the state's prison population. The fifth type of prison is Minimum-security prisons. This type of prison houses 31 percent of the state's prison population.

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