American Africans - Ghana - Black era Expatriates
The book; American African in Ghana was written Kevin Gaines and published by Chapel Hill publishers, at the University of North Carolina. The book emphasizes on the interconnections between the African studies and African American studies by introducing, in its broad chapters the context of Ghanaian international Afro-diasporic thoughts between the years 1900 and 1950. The book focused mostly from the periods when Ghana's independence under Nkrumah spurred the whole of Africa in 1957, to the time when Nkrumah lost power to the coup in 1966. Gaines' book explores the aspect of neglected US foreign policy, highlighting the dimensions of race of the policy. The book shows the foreign activities of notable people such as Malcolm X, Dr. King and Du Bois. Gaines narrows his scholarship transcends to the theoretical aspects of race. The book, American Africans in Ghana, gives an illustration of the problems that associated with nationality, cultural identity, race, as well as foreign affairs between the periods of 1960s.
The civil right era emphasizes the marginal status of the African American as citizens of the second class, and Gaines contextualizes the aspect of racial inequality as the legacy of the enslavement systems of the US. The legacy of colonialism and enslavement is indeed the integral characteristics of the book (p.2). Gaines suggest on the need for the Ghanaian expatriates to reconnect with their African identity in escaping the racial oppression's of the US and the constraints of the cold war to their political freedom. The features of the cold war are present in the book as Gaines examines the rising tensions from the negative reaction of the US Administration to the imposed propaganda by the African American internationalists present in Ghana (p.11).
[...] A., The University of California, Santa harad Barbara., & Center for the book Study of Democratic Institutions. (1976). Women in the world: A comparative study. Santa Barbara, Calif: Clio Books. [...]
[...] The struggles for independence and the American civil rights struggles as asserted by Gaines provide a hint for a need for research concerning each group. Gaines recognize the associated problems with cultural and political systems with the continental and Africans in diasporas (p.90). It is perhaps the reason that diasporic origins were the major reasons for the difficulties in implementing the Pan-Africanism in the continent. However, Gaines does not explain how the differences between the early Pan-African movements led by W. E. B. Du Bois link with the doctrines of the black power and rearticulated Pan-Africanism led by Malcolm X. [...]
[...] The perspectives of Ghana are seen in different ways, and there is nothing much told concerning the geographical features outside of Accra. In addition, the book does not tell about the Ghanaian ethnicity. In the book, the author thanks a number of expatriates based in Ghana for providing important information and more than 200 academics based in the US for their broad contributions. However, only seven people from Ghana are mentioned as only helping him get the posture at the beginning of the project. [...]
[...] The author analyzes the separatist views of Pauli Murray of the identity of Africans and African Americans, but he does not clarify the details concerning the matter. On the other hand, the author, Kevin Gaines gives a notion for the need to explore the US state's support of back American identification as a way of discouraging the support for independent African. Gaines gives a good account of the visits by a number of Americans to the country, Ghana, who include W. E. D Du Bois, Malcolm Pauli Murray, Martin Luther King Jr. [...]
[...] The author also provides a good account in trying to rescue the pre-independence views of Richard Wright on Ghana's black power. The emotional articulates in the book that concerned the quest for Diaspora Africans to celebrate the African heritage, and the political relationship formulation with Ghanaians makes the book insightful to the end. Bibliography Bowd, R., & Chikwanha, A. B. (September 01, 2010). Understanding Africa's final contemporary conflicts: challenges, origins, and peacebuilding. Institute for Security Studies Monographs 173.) Iglitzin, L. B., Ross, R. [...]
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