Argentina and Eva Perón
By analyzing populism in Latin America, we always come across charismatic presidents who conquered their constituents mainly by the ability to attract them with their acts demagogic and give them the idea that all they were making had been given and not a right to truth.
The history of Argentina differs from the others by the same token, it maybe in a few times in history we see that a woman could be more charismatic than her husband and take a more direct happiness to the people, regardless of who was paying for everything. Eva Perón never worried about the economic plans formulated by the team of her husband, directly helped each of his shirtless. No doubt that this happiness had his days, even the people do not know that, every gift, every donation, every basket, everything had its price and they were indirectly paying for it.
Eva was a loved and hated figure to the extreme, of all populist presidents none had a wife like her, who could speak the language of the poor, perhaps because it was one of them, the way you act was copied by thousands of Argentine and when she died many wept like a member of your family.
[...] On becoming president, his policy became even more focused on trade unions and their relationship with the state (Viana, 1973). The centralization of power was already felt by all, and authoritarianism also the Labor Party by which Perón was elected was dissolved and founded the Peronist Party, which was divided into three: Ala Male, Female Wing, Union Ala (CGT). Investigations against judges were opened that were never great fans, for questioning the constitutionality of the scheme, the University anti- Peronist focus also suffered interventions, layoffs, forced resignations, and the creation of an official student unit that opposed the University Federation There was a concern for the reformulation of the Constitution were changed and some articles that have caused controversy, not only in the Assembly but also to the population, one of them was stated that all minerals, waterfalls water, oil fields, gas and natural sources energy and utilities belong to the State and can not be granted for the operation; the other ensured the possibility of re-election of the president, a fact that was not allowed by the former Constitution (VIANA, 1973) President Again According to Viana (1973), Perón begins its new term in 1951, everything had changed radically and Argentina was no longer as before, the post-war currency had been exhausted due to nationalization most foreign companies have given up invest there. [...]
[...] The repression against the opposition occurred in the worst possible way, not only in Congress but also outside it, everything was muted until July 1955 by the radio stations opposition demonstrations were not transmitted and Perón was used much of the medium to pass your message to the people. Newspapers and magazines were closed, some had decreased circulation or size of issues. Many who helped Perón were falling slowly: José Figuerola (experienced in Social Law), worked alongside Peron in Secretary of Labor, was the first to fall, perhaps at the suggestion of Evita; Sunday Merchant ex. [...]
[...] Sao Paulo: Brasiliense VIANA, Francisco. Argentina: civilization and barbarism. London: Current, 1973. [...]
[...] In all these countries the transition occurred after the US stock market crisis in 1930, they had popular and anti-aristocratic salvations that pleased the population, even more lacking with unemployment generated post- crisis. There is a change in these countries the traditional model, agrarian, pre-capitalist for urban and industrial (FERREIRA, 2001). In Brazil, according to Prado (1981) when Vargas assumes, is the end of coffee with milk policy, which was centered São Paulo and Minas Gerais respectively, is a boost to national industrialization and aversion to all that the stranger wanted to dominate the country. [...]
[...] The president without much to do frees, to leave prison is acclaimed by the crowd (VIANA, 1973). At this time, in Argentina, the left represented by the Communists and Socialist parties were divided and powerless to mobilize to the population, in addition to unions already have been dominated by the Peronist politics for long. The middle class and the bourgeoisie as always so afraid of losing their power, was without attitude, and the president did not know what else to do on that situation. [...]
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