Holmes Rolston - Robin Attfield - UN Declaration
One UN Declaration of Universal Human Rights (1948) state: "All States and all people shall cooperate in the essential task of eradicating poverty as an indispensable requirement." Holmes argues that it is sometimes good to let people die in order to serve the nature. He argues that food should come first according to the values instilled to Christians from the biblical teaching. He quotes various verses of the Bible verse that states, "they shall not hunger any more, neither thirst any more (Revelations 7.16) and Give us this day our Daily bread (Matthew 5.11).
This supports that according to the Christians Human beings should be fed first regardless of the effects on the nature. He claims that neither do the Ten Commandments, cultural values nor the golden rules which teaches that we always feed the poor first. One of the indispensable requirements according to this principle should be the eradication's of the poverty. He argues that Christians spend money on things that are not basic needs but luxury and secondary needs. They included paying fees for education, buying gifts for each other and buying luxurious cars. He claims this money can be given to the poor to help in the eradication of poverty (Rolmes, 1998).
[...] Philadelphia: Temple University Press. Attfield, R. (2003). Environmental ethics: An overview for the twenty-first century. Cambridge [u.a.: Polity. Attfield, R. (1991). The ethics of environmental concern. [...]
[...] The population has escalated in the last few years. He argues that people should give birth to two or three children. This will prevent pressuring the nature while sustaining human beings in the near future. This does not fully adhere to this principle. On the other hand, Attfield rejects Holmes idea that nature can be sacrificed when the development takes place. He argues that we cannot say we are developing when the nature succumbs. He says that healthy development takes place where the activities involving it do not interfere with how the environment functions. [...]
[...] He claims this money can be given to the poor to help in the eradication of poverty (Rolmes, 1998). He continues to argue that there would be no civilization and discoveries if the human being concentrated on feeding themselves to their satisfaction. In some situation world does not put feeding of the poor the first priority. Some of the rich countries such as the United States spends billions of dollars in military investments. They fund third world countries with funds to buy weapons. They also offer military assistance in areas where refugees die of hunger. [...]
[...] The birth of a new human being should be of intrinsic values even if when it is the tenth. He also argues that, Rolston's belief between a universal conflict between population growth and environmental degradation exhibits “total disregard for the empirical evidence of the contrary”. It supports the view that population growth is often compatible with environmental improvements. That environmental degradation often blamed on population growth is frequently the result of a small number of colonizers. They acquired large patches of the best agricultural land. This forced the indigenous population onto marginal land. [...]
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