HDI Index of Human Development, Chile, social development, political development, SDG Sustainable Development Goals, global agenda, development cooperation system, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, CSO Civil Society Organizations, UN United Nations, OECD Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, Augusto Pinochet, Michelle Bachelet, gdp gross domestic product, Chilean education protest movement
As part of our research, we undertook an in-depth study of a specific subject that captivated us and aroused our keen interest. This research turned out to be an exciting exploration, as it enabled us to deepen our knowledge and develop expertise in a Chilean particular field. Chile represents one of those countries that are still in development, so called Developing Country.
What led us to choose Chile as our support country is mainly because when we think about a developing country, Chile is usually not the one that first comes to our mind.
[...] It is also exposed to climatic and seismic risks, and has a disparity of income and wealth. While Chile is a competitive and demanding market, the openness, reliability and dynamism of its economy make it an attractive destination for exporters and foreign investors alike. Politically, with a return to democracy in 1990, Chile has come a long way, especially in terms of the stability and transparency of its institutions. In particular, with a presidential system elected by direct universal suffrage for a 4-year term, this can be linked to a political system similar to those of the West. [...]
[...] Results-Oriented: The system emphasises the achievement of tangible results and impacts. It aims to contribute to partner countries' sustainable development goals, focusing on poverty reduction, social inclusion, economic growth, and environmental sustainability. Chile's development cooperation aligns with various topics from the global agenda; Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs): Chile supports partner countries in achieving the SDGs, with particular emphasis on poverty eradication, education, health, gender equality, and climate action. Climate Change and Environmental Sustainability: Chile addresses climate change adaptation and mitigation, promoting sustainable practices, renewable energy, and environmental conservation. [...]
[...] Moreover, Chile follows topics from the global agenda in its development cooperation efforts. There are four main actors. First of all there is the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MINREL) which is responsible for the formulation and implementation of Chile foreign policy, that includes the development cooperation. It coordinates and supervises the country's development cooperation activities. Then, there is the Chilean International Cooperation Agency (AGCID). It is the specialised agency within `MINREL' that implements Chile's international development cooperation programs. It is responsible for funds, projects, and the partnerships with other countries and international organisations. [...]
[...] This social crisis of 2019 has been called the worst human rights crisis since the Pinochet dictatorship. However, since these events were brought to light around the world, and since the creation of the new constitution that has already been put in place, violations have diminished considerably, allowing us to see a new air for the country, which nonetheless remains a future example for thanks to this inclusive and comprehensive constitution that advocates freedoms and democracies. Aside from these incidents, which can be considered as major and serious, the country remains a taker of freedoms and has been reproached very few times for human rights violations, apart from in 2019. [...]
[...] Indeed, investigative journalism is losing ground and attacks on reporters are on the increase. What's more, legal proceedings against media outlets and journalists have become a recurrent occurrence, and a strategy aimed at curbing freedom of expression. An in-depth study carried out by the Observatoire du Droit à la Communication (Observatory for the Right to Communicate) on these very attacks on the press since October 2019 has called attention to the international scene and concluded that media coverage of these protests in Chile must be considered a high-risk activity. [...]
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