The period preceding the World War II in many respects defined the role of the USA in the pending war. It was crucial in a sense that the US had undergone one of the direst economic crises and was at the outset of industrial revolution. President Franklin Roosevelt proved himself to be quite able manager who had developed policy of "New Deal" and dragged the country out from economic collapse. His somewhat ambiguous and multidimensional foreign policy is still subject to debate.
Many historians view the period of the rule of the democrats and the presidency of the Roosevelt as a critical juncture defining the role of the US in the World War II. Thus, it would be reasonable to start discussion of the role of US in the World War II by discussing the election campaign of 1932 and see how the domestic politics defined the foreign policy of the US towards the events in 1939.
The scope of the current paper is not only limited to examination of the role of the US but also seeks to examine the role of another party to the war - Great Britain. In the first part of the paper we shall examine the formation of power and victory of democrats in the domestic elections of 1932, the essence of "New Deal" politics: its economic and social impacts and results. The paper will try to characterize main directions of the US foreign policy that would eventually define its role in the World War II.
[...] It was a dead end. W. Bankhead, a speaker from the state of Alabama of democrats, stated that the aims of the New Deal had been accomplished and there was no need in further reforms. In January of 1939 in his yearly speech and report about the state of affairs in the country President Roosevelt proposed no further reforms. He limited his speech announcing the end of internal debates and conflicts with regards to further changes in the economy. (Robertson, 2011) Roosevelt and World War II The New Deal failed to provide long-term economic stability in the US. [...]
[...] On 16 November 1933 diplomatic relations between the USA and the USSR were established. On 17 January Roosevelt nominates William Bullet, who was famous for his liberal views, as Ambassador to the USSR. The USSR was interested in American goods such as heavy machinery and other equipment for industrial production. The diplomatic relations with the USA was also important in containing Japanese aggression in the East. The US also benefitted from the situation. The USSR was a large market for its industrial goods, which was having difficulties at the time. [...]
[...] Moscow: Drofa Print. Mihalevskiy, F. Zoloto v period mirowyh woyn . Moscow: 2001. Print. Robertson, C. L. When Roosevelt Planned to Govern France. U.S.A.: University of Massachusetts Press Print. Rodrigues, A. M. Modern History of Asia and Africa. Moscow: Vlados Print. [...]
[...] German command was forced to refuse from the landing operation in the Great Britain. In December the number of German bombardments and activity of German air forces slows down because of worsening weather conditions. Germany fails from achieving its main goal remove Great Britain from the war. (Taylor, 1998) Conclusive remarks The World War II had a great impact on political landscape of the world states were engaged in the war. Military operations and battled were taking place on the territory of 40 states million people were conscripted and mobilized into military forces. [...]
[...] Sevtosyanov, G. N., Yazykov E.F, Popov E. I. U.S History. Moscow: Nauka Print. Taylor, M. Battles of World War II. U.S.A.: Abdo Publishing Print. Utkin, A. N. Roosevelt. Sverdlovsk: Ural Print. [...]
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