For decades, government authorities all over the world have implemented a number of programmes and initiatives to tackle a number of social problems, including organised crime. During recent years, a link between these two significant threats seems to have emerged, and a number of social and political commentators have highlighted the need for effective government policy to prevent and eradicate drug trafficking and terrorism. A recent turning point was the war on terror that emerged after the September 11 attacks on New York's twin towers, which shift public attention on narco-terrorism (Bjornehed, 2004). The concept of narco-terrorism has been identified with the actions of a number of groups, mainly in South American regions. Nevertheless, the threat has increased in other parts of the world, particularly in Asia.
Narco-terrorism and organised crime have become the focus of the media during recent decades. The New York Times and other media publishers and agencies have provided extensive reports and analysis on the subject. A number of news articles have exhibited the criminal activities of drug-trafficking organisations. New York Times reporters Julian Aguilar (2011a and 2011b), Benjamin Weiser (2011) and Keith Bradsher (2011) have explored the subject in several of their articles. This paper will examine the main issues on narco-terrorism, looks at how looking the relationship between drug-traffic and terrorist activity can be used to provide effective law enforcement initiatives to effectively tackle both threats. This report will argue that examining the links between both kinds of organisations is needed to fight against them, but it is necessary to consider the specific differences between both kinds of criminal activities, as ignoring these aspects can be detrimental in the fight against organised crime.
[...] Describe the merger of narcotics trafficking and terrorism, called narco- terrorism For decades, government authorities all over the world have implemented a number of programmes and initiatives to tackle a number of social problems, including organised crime. During recent years, a link between these two significant threats seems to have emerged, and a number of social and political commentators have highlighted the need for effective government policy to prevent and eradicate drug trafficking and terrorism. A recent turning point was the “war on terror” that emerged after the September 11 attacks on New York's twin towers, which shift public attention on narco- terrorism (Bjornehed, 2004). [...]
[...] This would facilitate the arrest of drug traffickers, terrorists, and narco- terrorists. As many experts have indicated the similar nature of nowadays' international criminal organisations calls for an integrated approach (Freedman and Levitt, 2010; Bjornehed, 2004: 310), as most drug trafficking factions employ terrorist methods, particularly in South America and Asia. Therefore, to provide an effective approach to destroying or at least minimising its long-term effect cannot be accomplished unless effective individual policies that separately battle all the different areas of international terrorism and the drug trade are put into place, as all security threats cannot be eradicated if the major emphasis is exclusively placed on the areas where these threats merge, like narco-terrorism. [...]
[...] Levitt (2010) Contending with the PKK's Narco- Terrorism | | Washington Institute. http://www.thecuttingedgenews.com/index.php?article=11880 Marshall, A. (2012) Golden Triangle mystery: Who killed 13 Chinese sailors? Reuters. http://www.reuters.com/article/2012/01/27/us-special-report-mekong- idUSTRE80Q00G20120127 Miller, A. H. and Damask, N. A. (1996) “The Dual Myths of ‘Narco- terrorism': How Myths Drive Policy” Journal of Terrorism and Political Violence vol. 8 No.1 . Roberts, J.M. and E. E. Escalante. Narco-Terrorism in Peru: The Return of Shining Path. No. 2473. June 9, 2009. Simcock, J. (2012). "Recalibrating after Kiobel: Evaluating the Utility of the Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act in Litigating International Corporate Abuse" http://works.bepress.com/julian_simcock/1 Stengel, R. [...]
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