James Earl "Jimmy" Carter was the thirty-ninth President of the United States from 1977 to 1981. Before becoming president, he was the Governor of Georgia, and served two terms at the senate. He was regarded as an outcast to traditional party politics. The start of his presidency was marked by caution, conservatism, frustrations, and disappointments. Economic stagnation together with inflation, energy crisis, war in Afghanistan, and Iran hostage crisis were the events that besieged his presidency.Jimmy Carter desired to have an administration capable of providing the needs of his people. He promised to reform the tax system, reduce the number of useless agencies in the federal bureaucracy, but created two cabinet-level departments: the Department of Energy and the Department of Education, initiated a national energy policy to remove price controls from domestic petroleum production, introduced a staggered increase in the payroll tax by strengthening the Social Security system, and openly recognized the basic human rights considerations as an integral component of American foreign policy.
[...] Two other major struggles against regimes based on forms of Marxism were also supported by the Reagan administration. With the help of Soviet troops, it sent military equipment to Muslim guerrillas fighting the Communist government of Afghanistan and in South Africa, united with the apartheid regime in helping guerrillas fighting the Marxist government of Angola He increased defense spending by 35 percent on his term, but required to improve relations with the Soviet Union. On his term, because of the U.S. [...]
[...] Reagan Carter was able to keep the United States out of any foreign war. The tactics, strategies, and goals of the administration's foreign policy, was managed in a different way. Prior to other Presidents, Carter added human rights concerns into American foreign policy, justifying these concerns in the process. In closing the negotiations with the Panama Canal, he showed great courage, but many criticized him for being weak and for giving it away. Many also attacked his decision with the policy of détente with the Soviet Union; it only highlighted his weak image. [...]
[...] The first major foreign-policy problem for Carter was the Islamic revolution in Iran. In 1979, in the capital of Iran, Tehrān, the U.S. embassy was attacked by militant Iranians who opposed Western influences, especially the United States Sixty-six Americans were detained and held hostages. Negotiations were not able to assure the release of the hostages, or an attempted U.S. secret military mission was able to rescue the hostages. Reagan and His Foreign Policies Ronald Reagan was the fortieth President of the United States from 1981 to 1989. [...]
[...] The two proudest achievements of Reagan as a President were expansion of the economy and re-establishment of the American confidence following a time of political setbacks and economic stagflation He coined the word "Reaganomics," derived from supply-side economics that consisted large tax cuts, moderate deregulation, and increase in defense spending. In effect, it created about 16 million new jobs and significantly lowered inflation rates, but it also recorded big budget deficits and increased national debt. On his first term, he was attempted to be assassinated but survived, and he was reelected in a landslide victory in 1984. [...]
Online readingwith our online reader
Content validatedby our reading committee