Tajikistan is a landlocked country in Southwest Asia surrounded by Afghanistan, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan, and China. The country is a republic headed by President Emomali Rakhmonov and Prime Minister Oquil Oqilov. There are currently NATO forces operating out of Tajikistan in support of the war in Afghanistan, and the Russian 201st Motor-Rifle Division help to guard the mountainous borders. The country underwent five years of civil war after achieving independence from the Soviet Union in 1991 and is now facing the difficulty of transitioning to a market economy in the wake of war, poverty, and corruption. The history of Tajik nationalism and radical Islam are important factors in helping to understand the countries current state of affairs and the problem of corruption. The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development's (OECD) anti-corruption strategy is in force and being implemented within the country, however Tajikistan has a long way to go before making a complete transition free of corruption and economic crime. This paper will give a history of Islam and nationalism in the country and will explain the goals of the OECD, while also giving a description of the current state of affairs in the region. The purpose of this paper is to outline the cause of corruption in Tajikistan and to propose a solution to this problem while also understanding the factors that created it. Corruption remains one of the leading problems in the country and is apparent in all forms of civil service.
[...] Conclusion Tajikistan's future may look grim in terms of fighting corruption because of the increased manipulation of the electoral process and the slow GDP growth rate and increased poverty levels, but there is hope for plans such as the OECD's anti-corruption strategy. With the help of the international community and intergovernmental reform the country has the ability to rid itself of some of the corruption problems it faces today. Islam and nationalism play important roles in the democratization of the government which has seen some reformative movements since the end of the civil war. [...]
[...] Corruption is directly tied to organized crime which has existed in Tajikistan for decades. The list of crimes committed in the economic sector of Tajikistan is vast and recent indications show that the list will continue to grow. There are many factors contributing to the corruption problem in the country and they are important to know so that the problem can be managed easier. Contributing Factors of Corruption There is no single root cause for the corruption problem in Tajikistan and there may be no easy solution, but some of the contributing factors to the problem can be identified which is important for those seeking a solution. [...]
[...] Another tool being used to help fight corruption is the installment of new computers and the upgrading of auditing standards. The modernization of the finance offices is necessary for record keeping and transparency of the market. Tajikistan's outdated record keeping procedures prevents the smooth flow of information about economic issues between government offices and the international community. By modernizing equipment and upgrading auditing standards record keeping information will be more accessible and the speed at which financial transactions are made will increase, making banking and auditing systems more efficient. [...]
[...] It is unknown whether an admission price was charged for newer movies, which were hardly played because of the cost, or if bribes were taken by the movie administrators who generally had a negative attitude towards locals and whose equipment broke down frequently. Cultural programs were resisted in many parts of Tajikistan; however the programs were seen as a success by some, as was the transformation of traditional Tajik society to a more Russian based Communist structure. Bogoutdinov explains the transformation in his book Formirovanie I Razvitie: Tajikistan the Tajiks did not represent one national entity in an exact sense, because they were divided among a whole range of bekstrva and khanates, were separated from one another, and did not have a common economic life. [...]
[...] Organized crime and corruption have also infected the public and private sectors of Tajik society. In April of 2002 Deputy Chief of the Intelligence Department of the State Border Protection Committee, Colonel N.K. Sadriddinov, purchased 24.7 kg of heroin and attempted to smuggle it to Dushanbe under the cover of legally confiscated drugs. Sadriddinov was sentenced to fifteen years and six months of freedom deprivation, confiscation of his property, and deprivation of military rank. Drug smuggling through Tajikistan offers illegal opportunities at large profit margins for the country's citizens whose majority is poor. [...]
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