Toward the African Revolution, Frantz Fanon, Algeria, Black skin white masks, institutional psychotherapy, North African syndrome, liberation, patriotic commitment, alienation, libertarian revolution, colonisation, violence
The work of Frantz FANON imposes itself with a particular relief in the intellectual currents, which underlines what is called "the awakening of the Third World". More than the passionate and lucid description of a situation, it constitutes a vast attempt to synthesize the historical experience of colonial influence and its most radical questioning.
The colonial situation testifies, according to Fanon, to the highest point of this power of annihilation. Indigenous culture was then the subject of the harshest attacks. Fanon tells us that it is not so much his death that is sought, his disappearance, as its continued agony. It is not so much a question of killing as of foreclosing the future of these cultures, freezing them, mineralizing them, mummifying them in the sense that this operation maintains the illusion of a certain life by preserving the dead body from putrefaction: death -in-life again.
[...] Criticizing their own violence which turning around on them, critique of their dreams, en les rapprochants d'une dystopie. [...]
[...] Toward the African Revolution - Frantz Fanon (1964) - What was his Influence on the Process of Liberation of Algeria and the Price of Conscience of Peoples under Foreign Domination? The work of Frantz FANON imposes itself with a particular relief in the intellectual currents, which underlines what is called "the awakening of the Third World". More than the passionate and lucid description of a situation, it constitutes a vast attempt to synthesize the historical experience of colonial influence and its most radical questioning. [...]
[...] Torture is not an aberration of settler colonialism, but a natural consequence of it. In Algeria, Fanon continues to observe the annihilation of the colonized and understands that psychological treatment will not be enough. "Exploitation, torture, raids, racism, take turns at different levels to literally make the native an inert object in the hands of the occupying nation," Frantz Fanon recalled at the International Congress of Black Writers and Artists. « If Africa is to be free, we cannot beg, we must take away by force what belongs to us . [...]
[...] Fanon committed to a pan-African perspective of total liberation of the continent. Even if Algeria has always kept a preponderant place for him, he has increasingly proposed that the war waged by the Algerian people against French colonialism serve as a model for all sub-Saharan struggles. Commitment indicated by the title of his last published work, posthumously: Towards the African revolution (1964). It is thanks to the international political experience acquired, to his growing engagement and intimacy with revolutionary anti-colonialist leaders across Africa, to his bias in favor of armed struggle as necessity towards the "African greatness", that Fanon was able to broaden his perspective. [...]
[...] And I can say that, standing at this intersection, I measured with horror the extent of the alienation of the inhabitants of this country ». Driven by a sense of revolt, Fanon was seen by some not as a revolutionary, but as a troublemaker. It must be said that common standards in Psychiatry were hustled with the emergence of the « Institutional » line of thought. According to Tosquelles, institutional psychotherapy has to walk on two legs: Karl Marx et Sigmund Freud, whose works allow us to think about two alienations, one psychopathological, the other social. [...]
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