Gustavo Capanema , social family, brazilian population
When Getulio Vargas adopted Decree-Law 3200 of April 19, 1941 - on social protection of the family - was determining state intervention in poor and large families. New in Brazil and recent attitude in Europe, corresponding to the so-called "family issue" problematic within the critical and social debate in the nineteenth century occurred as a result of growing social and economic inequality after the consolidation of capitalism. Philanthropists, religious, doctors, civil servants and writers realized that the capitalist liberal idea of the nineteenth century did not bring equality of opportunity for all. Rather, he undermined, increasingly, the possibility of growth and development of the poorest, causing them suffering. Which was higher by mothers, elderly, sick and children.
The continuing progress of the industry, the new paths they entered the arts, changing relations between workers and employers, the influence of wealth in the hands of a small number next to the indigence of the crowd, opinion, finally, more advantaged where men form themselves and their more compact union, all this, not to mention the corruption of morals, gave final result in a fearsome conflict.
[...] São Paulo: Editora Atlas CHILDERS, Kristen Stromberg. Paternity and the Politics of Citizenship in Interwar France. in Journal of Family History, vol.26 nº1, January 2001. CORSI, Francisco Luiz. Estado Novo. Política externa e projeto nacional. Ed. Unesp CPDOC. A era Vargas. Ed. FGV CPDOC. Gustavo Capanema: ministro educação e saúde 1934-1945. [...]
[...] We understand, therefore, that despite the demographics have been a major factor driving the implementation of social protection of the family policies - both in Europe and in Brazil. But - with exceptions such as Germany, which used pressure and coercion - these policies helped little in resolving this population crisis. Despite massive government propaganda and financial compensation, the Family Allowance was an important policy favorable to the moralization of society, family structure and their generations (as in the case fascist); agreeing or warning with the pressures of the various interested in the subject: philanthropists, religious, literary, eugenics, feminist, pro-natalist and neo-Malthusian. [...]
[...] in Journal of Family History, vol.26 nº October 2001. GOMES, Ângela de Castro: Capanema: o ministro e seu ministério. Rio de Janeiro. Editora FGV GUY, Donna J. Lowe-class Families, Women, and the law in nineteenth-century Argentina. In Journal of Family History, vol.10, nº3, outono 1985. HUSS, Marie-Monique. Pronatalism in the Inter-war period in France. In Journal of Contemporary History, vol.25, nº January 1990. INCISA, Ludovico. Populismo. In BOBBIO, N.; MATTEUCI, N.; PASQUINO, G. [...]
[...] That is, a great solution for a country in the modernization process and in need of population growth. This was the view - it seems - of Capanema. Armed with information about the fascist Italy and Argentina, as shown in a letter to Vargas justifying their choices regarding the tax Singles - exempting widowers - and marriage loans: The Italian legislation, as vigilant and demanding in this family increased land, does not extend the tax beyond the single. ( . [...]
[...] Os intelectuais e a política no Brasil. São Paulo: Editora Ática SARACENO, Chiara. Uma redefinición de la maternidad y la paternidad: gênero, pronatalismo y política social en la Italia fascista. In BOCK, Gisela & THANE, Pat. (org.). “Maternidad y Políticas de gênero”. Ed.Cátedra; Madrid: 1996. SCHWARTZMAN, Simon; BOMENY, Helena Maria Bousquet; COSTA, Vanda Maria Ribeiro. Tempos de Capanema. São Paulo: Paz e Terra: Fundação Getúlio Vargas SEIP, Anne-Lise & IBSEN, Hilde. Prestaciones familiares, qué política? El camino hacia el subsidio familiar em Noruega. [...]
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