The law of apartheid, freedom charter
In the 1950s, the fight for equal rights has mobilized many Africans, who until then had never spoken out for or against or their rights, is born the people's congress campaign, and Africans are invited to submit their grievances and aspirations would become the basis of a document-from all the South African people program.
On June 26, 1955, was approved by a congress (bringing together more than 3000 delegates who were there representing the various layers of the black class), the "freedom charter" the most important and current document as regards the fight against racism.
This letter was adopted by the various associations representing the struggle for black rights, including the African national congress and the south African Indian congress, people's organization mestizo, South African congress of trade unions and the congress of democrats (Comitini, 1980).
[...] in relation to the work, clearly expressing the right to form unions, to elect their boards, expressed the duties and rights of workers, wages should be equal for equal positions, as well as holidays and other labor rights. education and the collective culture should be promoted for all without distinction, with this education the people must have insight into their culture and their history and above all value it and not be ashamed of being color it is, and not have the story has. the education must be free, compulsory, universal for all children. regarding the adult illiteracy should be an eradication campaign. [...]
[...] Sao Paulo: Brasiliense Comitini, Carlos. Africa burns: struggles of African peoples for freedom. Rio de Janeiro: Editora Codecri 1980. CORNEVIN, Marianne. Apartheid, power and historical falsification. Lisbon: Editions LOPES, Maria Marta. The Apartheid. [...]
[...] that letter contained above all, the aspirations of black people and denoted the need for change. comitini (1980) considers some key topics: the rulers can only be considered as a legitimate starting from the assumption that was elected by the majority of the population, regardless of social class she belongs, and that south africa can not be regarded as the property of anyone, only a fully democratic state can serve the entire population without any distinction. the representative should be elected by all, and the right to participate in public administration for all, without distinction of any event, all africans are entitled to speak their local language and no tax under any legislation or supposed authority. [...]
[...] in fact, this letter was a bit utopian, since the conditions that africans lived would be almost impossible to achieve all these works, that even developed countries can do, but above all denoted that the people were aware of their rights and duties and wanted emergency changes. APARTHEID END The most effective reforms began to occur. The new president of Africa was now Frederick de Klerk, willing to change the country's laws effectively, the following year its possession Mandela was released, and his party the African National Congress, was recognized as legal organization. Also in 1990, other segregation laws were abolished, such as the ban on blacks attending certain public places. The following year were extinguished almost all other laws that supported the apartheid (MAGNOLI, 1998). [...]
[...] Sao Paulo: Current MAGNOLI, Demetrius. South Africa: racism as an institution internal conflicts and external pressures the future of South Africa 4. ed . London: Context PEREIRA, José Francisco. Apartheid white horror in South Africa, Sao Paulo: Brasiliense, 1988. [...]
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