The largest country in Africa, the Republic of Sudan has been the victim of famines, unstable military rule, coup d'etats, violation of human rights issues, and one of the most violent civil wars in the continent. Spanning an area of 2,503,890 sq km with a population of 37, 090, 000 in 2002. Sudan is situated in northeastern Africa, and is surrounded by the Sahara desert in the north, Ethiopia in the southeast, Egypt in the north, and Libya in the northwest. The life expectancy in the country is 54.0 years for men, and 56.9 years for women (2001). The paper will also examine the various political, religious, economic and sociological impacts that the country experiences on its overall development.
[...] In a country where politics and the economy are closely related, there exists a state of symbiosis between the two, and each needs to be able to function with autonomy and efficiency before the other can function similarly. Social ills, social problems, and health related issues: There are many causes for the social problems in Sudan, not least of which is the prevalence of human rights abuses that exist as a result of the domestic strife that the country has been suffering over the decades. [...]
[...] There are several concerns below and beyond the sociological, but they are such in nature that their resolution should result in a simultaneous improvement in the quality of social existence in Sudan. References Anderson, G. Norman. (1999). Sudan in Crisis. University Press of Florida. “Blood Money: Arms Trade with Sudan.” Amnesty International. Retrieved May [...]
[...] dependency theory as one which may be applied to ‘weak' states, a weak state being definable as follows: weak state dominated by or under the jurisdiction of a more powerful state but not formally annexed by it. In the 1960s and 70s the term referred to an approach to understanding third-world development that emphasized the constraints imposed by the global political and economic order.” In this sense, the poor countries of the world become poorer when set against the increasing wealth of the First World Countries. [...]
[...] Deng's book attributes the country's violent civil war to a conflict of identities, as evidenced by differing religious beliefs, and most importantly, identifies the problem as a hybrid Sudan. The Muslims in the northern part of the country display a combination of Arab and African ancestry, and the southern part of the country is "indigenously African". This diversity is complex and contributes to polarization that is based more on myth than on the realities of the situation." According to the Encyclopedia of the Orient, the percentage of Muslims range from 50 to 70, the traditional religionists range from 25 to 35, and the Christians range between 4 and 15. [...]
[...] While in some cultures this can lead to a sense of holistic development, in Sudan the situation seems to have been exploited by warring factions for their own benefit. Agrarian reform and the politics of rural change Sudan is primarily an agrarian economy, with both private and state-owned enterprises: Important industries include cotton ginning, food processing, and other agro-industrial occupations. Cash crops include sesame, peanuts, cotton, and oil seeds. In 2000, the World Health Organization put Sudan's adult literacy rate at (2000) and the total life expectancy at birth at 56.6 years (2000). [...]
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