On the eve of colonization of Algeria by France, the concepts of public health and social security barely existed. The colonial regime of the time introduced Social Security in Algeria to organize the medical benefits of military settlers and for the Algerian Workers' Algerians service. "
Introduced at the base by the French colonial regime, social security offered favors to large European and Aboriginal communities at the expense of the rest of the population. Access to social protection benefits for all social classes were allowed after independence and thanks to the socialist system adopted by Algeria at the time and the process of industrialization of public enterprises during the same period, it facilitated a productive period of social security generating surpluses at all levels.
Algeria inherited, after independence, a social security system consisting of several very complex systems and agencies with legislation and operating procedures differing from one plan to another and from one organization to another, which increases in time management process.
Schemes mainly consist of:
- Agricultural scheme managed by the Agricultural Mutual Fund (CNMA).
- The scheme for civil servants managed by the social security fund officials for the social insurance component (CSSF) and the general fund pensions (CGRA) for the pensions of civil servants.
- The railway scheme that was identical to that of civil servants'.
- The scheme of the service personnel regarding electricity and gas fund managed by the pension and insurance agents of the national electricity and gas enterprise (CAPAS).
- The mining scheme managed by the social security fund \ (MRSC).
- The scheme for fishermen managed by the national establishment of fishermen (ENMP).
- The scheme for non-employees managed by the pension insurance fund (CAVNOS).
- The scheme for students.
- The military scheme.
Algeria, by creating the various insurance funds, had the main objective to broaden the scope of services provided to all professional categories and facilitate the management of its agencies
The Unemployment Insurance Fund (CNAC) - Unemployment insurance against the risk of involuntary loss of employment for economic reasons for employees was, for the first time, established in Algeria by Executive Decree No. 94 of May 26, 1994. In the same year was Decree No. 94-188 of July 6, 1994, which entrusts the management and administration of unemployment insurance to the NACC. This creation so obeys the economic and social reality that prevailed at the time of its creation and which is characterized by the dismissal of thousands of employees in public enterprises.
Note that the unemployment rate was high in the aftermath of independence, and then began to decline in the mid-70s through massive industrialization policy applied by the Socialist government of the time which allowed the creation of thousands of jobs. This decrease continued to be felt until the mid-80s, with falling oil prices, the state had to question its economic policies which resulted in the loss of thousands of jobs and an increase in unemployment around 24% in 1992.
Tags: unemployment rate , Agricultural Mutual Fund, colonization of Algeria by France
[...] - The uniqueness of the plan including the provisions for retirement, thanks to legislation in 1983 in order to better control the management of social security funds. The next chapter will allow us to better understand the evolution of their financial situation. Indicative bibliography by Oboulo.com http://www.ssa.gov/policy/docs/progdesc/ssptw/2010-2011/africa/algeria.html https://www.socialsecurity.be/CMS/en/coming_to_belgium/content/coming_to_bel gium/themas/spfssfodsz/FODSZ_Convention_-Algeria.xml http://www.nationsencyclopedia.com/Africa/Algeria-SOCIAL-DEVELOPMENT.html LAMRI Larbi, "The social security system in Algeria, an economic approach", OPU, Algiers, page 25. Jean-Pierre Dumont, "The foreign social security systems", Edition Economica, Paris, page 92. Decree No. 85-223 on the establishment of the National Pensions Fund. [...]
[...] - The National Social Security Fund for Non-employees (CASNOS) This fund was created in Algeria under Executive Decree No. 92-07 of 4 January 1992 on the legal status of social security funds and administrative and financial organization of social security. Then came the Executive Decree No - 119 of 15 March 1993 which sets out the responsibilities, organization and functioning of the administrative CASNOS. As its name suggests, this fund focused on the self-employed (merchants, professionals, craftsmen . ) and provided them with the same benefits as the CNAS provides for employees. [...]
[...] - The military regime. - Staff which was not permanent, employed by the state and local as contractors or temporary regime has had them. 2 - The creation of insurance funds: The main objective of creating different insurance funds in Algeria was to broaden the scope of services provided to all occupational categories and facilitate the management of its agencies - Unemployment Insurance Fund (CNAC) Unemployment insurance against the risk of involuntary loss of employment for economic reasons in favor of employees was, for the first time, instituted in Algeria by Executive Decree No of May The same year came Decree No. [...]
[...] Act No. 83-14 of 2 July 1983 on the obligations of taxable social security Act No. 83-15 of 2 July litigation relating to social security. [...]
[...] - The National Pensions Fund This fund was born on August , on the administrative organization of social security. You should know that before this date, the pensions were administered by the CASORAL. CNR takes charge, in addition to the normal retirement pension, of other new forms imposed by the socio-economic atmosphere, which are: - Early retirement established in 1994 . - Retirement regardless of proportional age established in 1997 - Care systems of social security: The social security and care systems maintain close relations and remain the most important methods of financing health services, both private and public. [...]
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