Throughout the course of the twentieth century, the breadwinner/homemaker model of family structure has pervaded both cultural and sociological discourse. Interestingly, however research now demonstrates that this model is not as typical as what many laymen believe. This realization has spawned more investigation into other family structures and their overall impact on both society and child rearing. With the realization that there are a host of different family frameworks, it is possible to examine the different types of frameworks such that a more integral understanding of these frameworks can be garnered. Using this as a basis for research, this investigation considers a comparison/contrast of two different theoretical frameworks of family: dual employed parents and multicultural families. By examining what has been written about these two different theoretical family frameworks, it will be possible to provide a comprehensive analysis of these frameworks. Further, by examining these specific theoretical frameworks some insight into the challenges facing the modern family will be garnered.
[...] “Misbehavior or regression, such as ‘unlearning' toilet training or having frequent tantrums,” are problematic issues that can arise when older children feel that they have to compete for their parent's attention (p. 68). Clearly, there are a number of conflicts that can arise in the context of the dual income family. However, Lewis, Tudball and Hand (2001) in their examination of family life for dual income parents note that children living in these environments report benefits to the situation as well. [...]
[...] Children go through an expected process of assessing their family dynamics and then evaluating how exactly they fit into those dynamics. Furthermore, they often seek acceptance and companionship from those with whom they can most easily identify (p. 170). Thus, children that have parents whose ethic identity is different from theirs can face notable challenges when it comes to identity development. Ariel (1999) goes on to note that in the context of multicultural families, the challenges facing parents and children is often quite extraordinary. [...]
[...] (2005). Impact of work on family life among partnered patents of young children. Family Matters 18-15. Ariel, S. (1999). Culturally Competent Family Therapy: A General Model. Westport, CT: Praeger Publishers. Barrera, I., & Corso, R.M. (2002). Cultural competency as skilled dialogue. Topics in Early Childhood Special Education, 103-114. Hertz, R., & Marshall, N.L. (2001). Working Families: The Transformation of the American Home. Berkeley, [...]
[...] When mainstream society does not support a diversity of opinion on parenting and child rearing practices, this can make it difficult for multicultural families to function cohesively. The issues examined by Ariel bring to light the challenges that exist with respect to the ability of the multicultural family to fit into the large context of society. Much like children struggle to develop their identities, the family also struggles to develop an identity. In most cases, the family develops based on the cultural mandates of society. [...]
[...] Even though both dual income and multicultural families must address the challenges presented before them, each of these family frameworks can be developed in a manner that supports the total development of the family and the individual development of each of its members. In this context, it appears as if being aware of the challenges facing these family structures provides a more integral understanding of what potential issues need to be addressed in these environments. Being aware that children from multicultural families face issues with identity development may make it easier for parents to improve outcomes for their children. [...]
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