New York is probably one of the most famous cities in the world because of History but also from the fact that it is the symbol of USA, the country of Liberty, capitalism, the self-made-man... New York is a bit like a compendium of American values and a study of this town is very interesting to understand the issue of the whole country. One of the characteristics of New York is the presence of a big Jewish community and its weigh in the History of the city. In 1654, twenty-three Jews arrived in New Amsterdam from Recife, in the province of Pernambuco, Brazil. That coastal area of Brazil had been in the hands of the Dutch since 1633. Some Jews therefore migrated to that part of the world because they had already lived in the Netherlands, a Protestant country, where they have been persecuted.
[...] III- The influence of the Jews on New York The Jews influence New York life in many domains and brought about some change in the situation. The interplay of alliances in New York has been disrupted by the growing influence of the minorities. The immigrants gather in groups and can put the pressure on the democrats, republicans and other political parties. In 1945, the Democrats won the municipal elections what it did not happen for about 15 years. Roosevelt's party took advantage of the support of the Jewish community to kick La Guardia (Rep.) out and to set the Democrat candidate of the Tammany Hall (the Democrat committee of New York City), William O'Dwyer. [...]
[...] New York City is widely viewed as both the organizational and cultural "capital" of the American Jewish community with the majority of major American Jewish organizations maintaining their offices in Manhattan. Indeed, New York City has played such an outstanding role in American Jewish history that it is often difficult to separate local New York Jewish history from the larger national picture. First of all it is important to define the Jewish community which is autonomous with influence on the New York life (III). [...]
[...] Jews also played an increasingly significant role in the general cultural life of New York as the 20th century progressed. Many of New York's leading entertainers, writers, artists and art patrons were of Jewish origin, particularly after 1920. Outstanding contributions were made to American music by Irving Berlin and Ira and George Gershwin. The Guggenheim family supported the arts in New York. Jews also played a significant role in literature. Indeed, American intellectualism was often closely associated with the New York Jewish community. [...]
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