Methods of birth control, contraceptives, birth control education, Margaret Sanger, birth control clinic, diaphragms, spermicide, birth control pill, oral contraceptives, hormonal birth control
Modern birth control went through many obstacles before it was available to the public. In the United States during the 19th and 20th centuries, birth control and contraceptives were social issues that were fraught with controversy. This backlash led to legislation (e.g. Comstock Law) being passed that barred people, including doctors, from talking about contraceptives on the grounds of obscenity (Bone, 2010). For most the 20th century, birth control education and counseling was legally excluded as a part of what a nurse's responsibility and practice should be (Lagerwey, 1999).
[...] Margaret Sanger: Birth Control's Successful Revolutionary. American Journal Of Public Health, 70(7) Lagerwey, M. D. (1999). Nursing, social contexts, and ideologies in the early United States birth control movement*. Nursing Inquiry, 250- 258. doi: 10.1046 .00037.x Planned Parenthood. (2016). Who We Are. Retrieved November from https://www.plannedparenthood.org/about-us/who-we-are Hyde, J. S., & DeLamater, J. D. (2014). [...]
[...] In the 1990s, more methods of birth control were introduced, such as the Depo Provera shot, female condom, and Plan B (Thompson, 2013). Depo- Provera is a shot containing progestin which provides contraception for month time periods (Hyde & DeLamater, 2014). It is slightly more effective than the pill, with a failure rate of 6 percent. Plan B is a form of emergency contraception which is available in pill form for emergencies such as rape or a condom breaking. It is most effective when begun within 12 to 24 hours and can be taken up to 120 after the instance of unprotected sex. [...]
[...] Now we live in an age where birth control is readily available. New and improved forms of birth control and constantly being developed and/or improved upon for better methods of family planning and contraception. References Bone, J. E. (2010). When Publics Collide: Margaret Sanger's Argument for Birth Control and the Rhetorical Breakdown of Barriers. Women's Studies In Communication, 16-33. doi: 10.1080 /074914111003669786 Takeuchi-Demirci, A. (2010). Birth Control and Socialism: The Frustration of Margaret Sanger and Ishimoto Shizue's Mission. Journal Of American- East Asian Relations,17(3) doi: 10.1163 /187656110X546776 Wardell, D. (1980). [...]
[...] This led to the popularity of diaphragms as a form of birth control. Diaphragms are a vaginal barrier device consisting of a silicone or rubber dome which is used with a spermicide and inserted into the vagina (Hyde & DeLamater, 2014). When in place inside the vagina it covers the cervix, and prevents sperm from entering the uterus. The use of spermicide provides extra protection by causing the sperm to stop moving, further preventing it from entering the uterus and causing pregnancy. [...]
[...] It is on average 95 percent effective, though this number may be higher or lower due based on how effectively the user uses it. Side effects vary from person to person and even depending on which form of the pill they take. Nowadays there are many different formulations of the combination pill which have slight variations in their usage and hormone levels. Triphasic pills are another type of birth control pills which contain a steady level of estrogen and different levels of progesterone. [...]
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