Poverty is a problem which is increasing steadily on a global scale. In North America, urban poverty is growing rapidly. Urban Poverty is a term used to describe people living in urban environments whom lack the means required to provide themselves with the basic necessities needed to live comfortably. There are many factors which contribute to urban poverty such as job availability, low wages, and a high cost of living. However this issue is very complex and very hard to deal with seeing as it affects several groups of people within a society. Urban poverty also influences things such as gang violence, drug dealing and teen pregnancy stemming from the formation of urban ghettos.
[...] This in turn causes urban families with more children and insufficient income to fall below the poverty line seeing as government assistance is not always enough. Another reason for children being part of the largest poverty group is that they are often ineligible for employment (due to age) or are enrolled in school and cannot work full time (Lee, Kevin K p.29). Despite the fact that the government gives aid to impoverished families with children, it is not always enough to cover all of their needs. [...]
[...] This suggests that the issue of urban poverty has become so large that would be almost impossible for the government pay it off in one attempt. However every day that this problem goes un-answered, it becomes even harder to solve in the future. Young children and teenagers make up the largest group of impoverished individuals in the country. Research conducted suggests that this group is much more prone to poverty than other groups. This relates to the fact that children cannot support themselves financially, thus putting the financial responsibilities onto their families. [...]
[...] This theory is understandable seeing as the culture adjustment is difficult, especially in the labor market. The entrance status theory suggests that when immigrants arrive they suffer from poverty due to the fact that they obtain the entry level jobs. This theory also suggests that: they (immigrants) make their way up the occupational hierarchy, they leave the entrance jobs for the newly arrive immigrants” (A. Kazemipur p.3, 4). This theory suggests that poverty for immigrants is a usual occurrence which passes as they gain better jobs. [...]
[...] This in turn shows the darker reality of the urban poverty and its effect on neighborhoods. Not only does poverty affect people's ability to live comfortably, but it also damages their quality of life. Research results also showed that some cities such as Montreal, Saint John and Winnipeg have as much as 18% of the city being qualified as a ghetto (Halli, Shiva S and p.370). Ghetto neighborhoods are unacceptable seeing as they segregate people from the rest of the city. [...]
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