"Believing in the sacredness of Palestine and its Islamic status, Hamas believes it impermissible under any circumstances to concede any part of Palestine or to recognize the Zionist occupation if it." (Simon and Stevenson, 2003, p.59) This paper posits that Hamas' transformation from a terrorist organization to a successful political party forced it to adopt a more liberal attitude towards negotiations with Israel and lessen its reliance on armed struggle to achieve its goals. This paper looks into the history of Hamas and its transformation from a terrorist organization fighting for Palestinian liberation to a successful political party.
[...] Terrorism in the Name of Religion. Journal of International Affairs, 50(1) Schulz, Helena Lindholm (2002). The “Al-Aqsa Intifada” as a Result of Politics of Transition. Arab Studies Quarterly, 24(4) Wing, Adrien Katherine (1993). Legitimacy and Coercion: Legal Traditions and Legal Rules during the Intifada. Middle East Policy, 87-103 Articles Blanche, Ed (2006, April). Hamas v. Fatah: The New Brooms of Hamas versus the Old Guard of Fatah The Transfer of Power Has Begun and All the Signs Are That It Will Not Go Smoothly. [...]
[...] The transformation of Hamas from a terrorist group ignored by most countries to a political party in the Palestinian government began with the decline of the PLO. Central to this shift was the intifadah, which forced the PLO to recognize the force of organizations in the occupied regions. the first time n the history of the Palestinian struggle to recover land and gain autonomy, the Palestinian political community saw a shift in the balance of power between the Palestinians residing inside the occupied territories and the PLO leadership outside. [...]
[...] Unfortunately, it seems that Hamas' decision to separate itself from hard- core jihadism does not sit well with its former allies. Islamic Jihad, for one, is slowly inching itself away from the Hamas alliance. More importantly, many pundits believe that the rise of Hamas to power could be detrimental to other similarly jihadist organizations. Radical extremism will take a hit as Hamas slowly realizes the need to become more liberal as it becomes more involved in international politics. It is possible that Hamas will become more moderate and less violent (to a certain degree) in its actions. [...]
[...] This study looks into the journey of Hamas, from its beginning as a resistance movement (dubbed “terrorist” because of its tactics) to its success as the leading political party of Palestine. This paper posits that Hamas' transformation from a terrorist organization to a successful political party forced it to adopt a more liberal attitude towards negotiations with Israel and lessen its reliance on armed struggle to achieve its goals. In 2006, Hamas won as the majority party in the Palestinian Parliament, defeating the usual stalwart, Fatah. [...]
[...] Palestinian Party Affiliation and Political Attitudes toward the Peace Process. Arab Studies Quarterly, 20(3) Ahmad, Mumtaz and William Zartman (1997). Political Islam: Can it be a Loyal Opposition? Middle East Policy, 68-84 Jubran, Michel and Laura Drake (1993). The Islamic Fundamentalist Movement in the West Bank and Gaza Strip. Middle East Policy, 1-15 Knapp, Michael (2003). The Concept and Practice of Jihad in Islam. Parameters, 33(1) Mattair, Thomas (1992). The Arab Israeli Conflict; From Shamir to Rabin to Peace? Middle East Policy, 118-154 Monshipouri, Mahmood (1996). [...]
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