Generally, a “Market” was the place where the buyers and sellers gather to exchange their goods. The concept of market is very important in marketing. Market is an area for potential exchanges it's a place where goods are brought and sold. It is an area where a force of supply (sellers) and demand (buyers) operates. Exchange is the heart of commerce or marketing. Exchange is possible where there are two or more parties who each have something they desire to exchange for something else. Exchange may take place with or without money as a medium of exchange money speeds trading. Thus the size of the market depends on the number of peoples who show their needs or wants, have resources that interest others, and are willing and are able to offer this resources in exchange for what they have.
According to Dr Michael J T Lewis, the eminent scholar of early railways, it is ‘a prepared track which so guides the wheels of the vehicles running on it that they cannot leave the track' (Lewis 1974). This definition has the merit of technical simplicity and thus embraces many kinds of transport systems apart from those conventionally known as railways; wheels need not be a feature. But for our purposes the real advantage of the definition is that in referring to a prepared track it draws attention to the fact that railways are built with a specific purpose in mind. That purpose may vary from system to system, but the principle remains the same - a railway is a linear transport feature, the rest is detail.
[...] GRAPH-12 TOTAL NUMBER OF RESPONDENTS 90 What more do you expect from railways? A general answer to this question provided is majority of the respondents are asking for better services and seeking more co-operation from the railway staffs. SUMMARY OF FINDINGS 1.The majority 47% of the respondents have been traveling by railways for about 4to 5 years of the respondents have been traveling for more than 8 years, and only about 22% of the respondents are traveling for about 1 to 2 years Most of the respondents purpose of travel is business (work) i.e. [...]
[...] SAMPLE SIZE The sample size of study is 90 respondents. These were the customers who came to railways office for ticketing and bookings and these customers were asked to fill the questionnaire and give their view points. TOOL DATA COLLECTION The tool used for data collection questionnaire .The question used are structured ones. In order to avoid the ambiguity , the closed type question are used .To some extent open type question are also used to get comments from respondents. [...]
[...] A telegraph cable was laid across the Channel in 1851, followed by others across the Irish and North Seas. The Victorians not only built a British railway network which was more than twice as large as today's network but often operated with greater efficiency. Urban transport systems such as buses and underground railways were also created by the Victorians. With those systems came the habit of commuting, one of the most durable and least appealing of nineteenth century legacies. The post service, the electric telegraph which was the forerunner of today's internet and the phone paved the way for the making of a world which relies heavily on complex structures of domestic and worldwide communications. [...]
[...] BBCI Railway obtains permission to extend its lines southwards from Surat, and opens its Grant Road terminus for its proposed line from Surat. Eastern Bengal Railway begins construction on Calcutta-Kushtia line (175km). 1862 Feb. Jamalpur Loco Works established. Khanderao, the Gaekwar of Baroda, opens 8 miles of an NG railway line from Dabhoi towards Miyagam. Oxen were used as the motive power! EIR's Delhi-Calcutta route progresses as far as the west bank of the Yamuna, via Mughalsarai. Sealdah station commissioned. Bhore ghat incline constructed, connecting Palasdhari to Khandala. November: EBR's Calcutta-Kushtia line open for traffic. [...]
[...] But all of them may not be the railways approved vendors. A train is a big bazaar on the move. They are the part and parcel of the system. When a train reaches a station the vendors cover the windows like bees on the honeycomb, everyone shouting what they sell. All the services are thoughtfully customized that it can be easily sold through the 4inch or so gap of the window grille! If you are sitting at the window seat a co passengers may request to pass their buy. [...]
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