In the densely-populated poor and developing countries, the problem of child labor is acute. India is no exception. A World Bank Report published in January 2000 has revealed that there are six crore working children in India-the largest in terms of any country in the world. Elimination of child labor is no doubt a big challenge facing the country today. The former Union Labor Minister Dr. Satya Naayan Jatiya and present Union Labor Minister Mr. Praveen Ranjin Das Munsi say that the Government has adopted a progressive and integrated approach to eliminate child labor in the country. In order to resolve this socio-economic problem, a multi-dimensional action plan involving awareness generation among all sections of the society is required. In creating a national awareness campaign for the elimination of child labor, the non-government organizations (NGOs) and the mass media have also to complement the governmental efforts.
[...] The can be cited as Inadequate schools Expense of schooling Children not interested to go to school Children failed in school Drop outs Attitude of parents Big families Children like to work The attitude of the parents that a formal education is not beneficial as the children learns work skills through labor at a young age; has to be changed. The parents o these victims, and society at large, should realize that child labor not only harms the physical and intellectual growth of the child but stunts the growth of children and ultimately affect nation's future growth. [...]
[...] Education and its effects on child labor Dropout rates measured by the Department Education show that 35% of males and 39% of female dropout (Government of India cited in The World Bank 1995, 113). What is the reason for these high dropout rates and poor school survival rates? One possible argument given by Nangia (1987) is that pressing need for the child's earnings as well as low perceived advantages of school” cause parents to withdraw children from school and deposit them in the labor force (p.182). [...]
[...] The government of India has implemented the Child Labor Act in 1986 that outlaws child labor in certain areas and sets the minimum age of employment at fourteen. This Act falls short of making all child labor illegal, and fails to meet the ILO guideline concerning the minimum age of employment set at fifteen years of age. Though policies are in place that could potentially reduce the incidence of child labor, enforcement is a problem. If child labor is to be eradicated in India, the government and those responsible for enforcement need to start doing their jobs. [...]
[...] The Child Labor Movement wants the realization of 12 rights in particular, and they are: Right to vocational training Right to remain in our villages (not to have to go to the cities) Right to exercise our working activities in safety Right to light and limited work Right to rest during illness Right to be respected Right to be listened to Right to healthcare Right to learn to read and write Right to play and have free time Right to express and organize ourselves Right to equitable justice in case of problems. [...]
[...] Other Services It is observed that the majority of rural child workers ( 84.29 are employed in cultivation and agricultural labor (divisions I and II). Urban child laborers are distributed differently of them are involved in manufacturing, processing, servicing and repairs. Although more children are involved in agriculturally related jobs a total of for divisions I and human rights organizations tend to focus on the manufacturing types of child labor because most children in these situations are bonded laborers. Bonded labor “refers to the phenomenon of children working in conditions of servitude in order to pay off a debt” (Human Rights Watch 1996, 2). [...]
Online readingwith our online reader
Content validatedby our reading committee