This report will investigate the root causes for the creation of the Department of Homeland Security (DHS). To help explain the genesis of its inception, history of the Bush administration's preoccupation with securing the nation from terrorist threats or attacks will be discussed. According to the current website for the DHS, the agency consists of about 16 major departmental components; eight separate offices come under the DHS's Office of the Secretary, and seven other entities under its Advisory Boards and committees. The author will assess how the bulk of these agencies fall under the same umbrella, what pertinent laws foster the legitimacy of the agency, and what the DHS consists of today. The orientation of this work stretches out twofold: the first half of the project addresses various aspects of the Department of Homeland Security, while the latter focuses on the inner workings of the Office of the Director of National Intelligence (ODNI). Included in the discussion will be the forced ousting of Dennis Blair for his failures involving the Fort Hood Shooter, the failed Christmas Day bomber Umar Farouq Abdulmuttalab, and other national security issues. Also presented will be an extension on the creation of the ODNI and what actually transpires within it.
In June 2002, President Bush made an address to the Nation requesting public support for the creation of a Homeland Security Department. A drafted proposal went before various commissions and discussion on the practicability of such an endeavor circled around the Subcommittee on Crime and Terrorism and Homeland Security. In attendance were elected officials, heads from the U.S. Customs Service, the Coast Guard, Secret Service, and Transportation Security Administration. Interestingly, no one at this latter board spoke for the Federal Emergency Management Agency (Commondocs 2002).
[...] The Office of Intelligence and Analysis serves as a member of the national Intelligence Community by sharing information related to homeland security to such departments as those noted in the above paragraph. Namely, once security threats are collected and analyzed, that information gets disseminated to the full spectrum of homeland security agencies (DHS 2002). The Secret Service, as it too serves in DHS, also provides intelligence services. However, the bulk of its contribution to HS, aside from providing presidential security, centers on crushing counterfeiting organizations (e.g., illegal production of documents that can essentially create a new identity) and countering financial crime. [...]
[...] Stout, Katie “Privacy Impact Assessment for the REAL ID Final Rule.” Integrated Center for Homeland Security, Texas Agriculture and Mechanical University. January 30, College Station, Texas. Retrieved July (http://homelandsecurity.tamu.edu). The White House (TWH) “Privacy and Civil Liberties Oversight Board.” January 30, Washington, D.C. Retrieved July (http://georgewbushwhitehouse.archives.gov/ privacyboard). Transportation Security Administration (TSA) Secretary Napolitano Statement on Northwest Flight 253.” December 26, Washington, D.C. Retrieved on July (http: www.tsa.gov/press/happenings/northwest_statement.shtm). Trapper, Jack Resignation at the White House.” May 20, ABC News Video. Washington, D.C. [...]
[...] As alluded to earlier in this report, the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Act established the position of Director of National Intelligence to serve as the President's chief intelligence advisor (JIS 2010), plus it created the National Counterterrorism Center, and the Privacy and Civil Liberties Oversight Board (TWH 2008). Other laws and presidential directives governing the prevention of terrorism within the U.S. borders and its political interests abound. A few examples include the Terrorism Risk Insurance Act of 2002 the Detainee Treatment Act of 2005 and the Presidential directive calling for the detention of American citizens classified as “illegal combatants.” Controversial Issues Within the U.S. [...]
[...] the beginnings of the Office of Homeland Security, and the aftermath of September 11, came the establishment of the Department of Homeland Security on January CREATION OF THE DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (DHS) In June of 2002 President Bush made an address to the Nation requesting public support for the creation of a Homeland Security Department. A drafted proposal went before various commissions and discussion on the practicability of such an endeavor circled around the Subcommittee on Crime and Terrorism and Homeland Security. [...]
[...] gov/xlibrary/assets/book.pdf). Doyle, Charles USA Patriot Act: A Sketch.” CRS Report for Congress:1-5, Library of Congress. Retrieved July (http://ww/fas.org/ irp/crs/RS21203.pdf). Justice Information Sharing (JIS) “Privacy and Civil Liberties: Federal Statutes.” U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs. April 07, Washington, D.C. Retrieved July (http://it.ojp.gov/default.aspx?area=privacy&page=1282). Office of the Director of National Intelligence (ODNI) “History of the Office of the Director of National Intelligence.” Washington, D.C. Retrieved July www.odni.gov/history.htm). Office of the Director of National Intelligence (ODNI) “About the ODNI.” Washington, D.C. [...]
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