More than half of America's inmates are parents of young children; thus, children are the most severely affected family member in such situations (Travis, et al. 2005). Many of these parents are repeat offenders which results in a very unstable relationship and overall life for young children (Naser & Visher, 2006). There are numerous problems that arise when children loose a parent to incarceration; many of which lead to a higher chance of the child being incarcerated once an adult.
[...] Many inmates were reported having high expectations when leaving prison; the reality of life once on the outside, damaged many inmates' hopes and caused many to relapse into old behaviors, resulting in re-arrest and incarceration (Farrell, 2006). Finding housing and employment are two major factors influencing the reentry process (Wodahl, 2006). Substance abuse and consequent relapsing are problems associated with negative reentry resulting in re-arrest and re- incarceration (2006). A Baltimore (Visher, et al. 2004) study showed that many repeat offenders lived in poor neighborhoods, were young and had used substances before being incarcerated. It also revealed that inmates who attended substance abuse programs while incarcerated were less likely to be rearrested and incarcerated. [...]
[...] Suggestions by families and offenders have been made to have more available programs for newly released inmates to help with "parenting skills, education, more intensive policing" and programs aimed at reentry issues (Visher, et al. 2004:2). Naser and Visher (2006) report that a key element for successful reentry is to be successfully reunited with the family. Research has indicated that the majority of re-incarcerated inmates reported domestic problems as being either the direct or indirect reason for the re-arrest (2006). [...]
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